There is a large variety of zucchini that are grown in different parts of the world. It is a common, versatile, and affordable vegetable used in a wide number of dishes- both savory and desserts. When buying zucchini, keep in mind that the outside should be firm.
Zucchinis are easy to grow and have been eaten for more than 7000 years. It was introduced to Europe by the famous Italian explorer Christopher Columbus and later to the United States by Italian immigrants.
The many varieties of zucchini come in different colors, shapes, and tastes, depending on the region you live in. In some parts of the world, zucchini is called Caserta or Cocozelle. Following is a list of zucchinis that people around the world regularly consume.
Types of Zucchini
1. Black Beauty
This variety is commonly used in gravies, soups, and salads. It is dark green, almost black and the inside contains creamy white flesh. It is one of the easiest varieties to grow, can be grown even at home. It can be between 12 to 24 inches long and is the most popular zucchini available in the market.
2. Gourmet Gold
This variety is used in dishes such as pizzas and muffins. Unlike other zucchinis, the gourmet gold, as the name suggests, is bright yellow and is a favorite vegetable during the summers. Its unique color and shape can be used with green zucchinis in dishes to create a striking contrast.
This zucchini looks very similar to cucumbers as it has the same color, size, and shape. The only difference is the dark green streaks on the skin of a cocozelle. It is flavorful, and with lower water content, it is as easily grown as the black beauty variety.
4. Dunja Zucchini
One more popular and easy-to-grow variety of zucchini is the Dunja zucchini. It has shiny, dark green skin and is usually straighter shaped.
This is a thin, dark green Italian zucchini, and when it is cut, the pieces are in the shape of a star. This zucchini can be used to make different dishes like casseroles, kinds of pasta, salads, or patties. The gadzuke has a crispy sweet flavor.
6. Round zucchini
Though this zucchini is round, the taste is not different from the long and thin zucchini varieties. These are really good for stuffings, and they can be roasted and baked too. The round zucchini is more versatile and better flavored.
7. Nero de Milano Zucchini
The name in English translates to “Black of Milan,” which refers to the almost black color of the zucchini skin. This exotic kind of zucchini is from Italy- of course, as the name suggests. They grow to about 8 inches long and are harvested as soon as they mature.
8. Clarion F1 Zucchini
Clarion F1 zucchinis have a bulb-like long shape. This is a Lebanese variety and is widely cultivated in Mediterranean regions. Their shape makes them a perfect zucchini for stuffing, and they also go well in sautés and stir-fries.
This type of zucchini comes with pale green skin and has a thick, kind of nutty flesh, and they are slightly bulbous in shape. Saute these Magda zucchinis with freshly pickled herbs and enjoy the crunchy flavor and texture.
10. Crookneck Squash
The crookneck squash is narrow at the top with a curved neck that stands out along with its beautiful yellow color. It is also called yellow squash and can also be pale green in color. These kinds of zucchinis are harvested before they mature.
11. Pattypan Squash
These zucchinis can be of many colors- cream, light and dark green, and white. They have a unique shape and can range in size from very tiny to medium and large. Just like the round zucchini, the pattypan squash is great for stuffing. Make dishes of pattypan squash with garlic and herbs, and grill them or roast them to enjoy!
12. Bianco di Trieste
The bottom part of this zucchini is a bit more swollen and shorter in length than your average zucchini. They are pale green in color with beautiful glossy skin. These zucchinis are also Italian and are very popular in the Italian city of Trieste. They are good for salads and stuffings.
13. Rampicante Zucchini
Available in the summers and in winters, the rampicante zucchinis are sturdy, large, and tall.
The much-loved light green with dark green stripes, the Caserta can be easily grown in your vegetable garden. It is an heirloom variety of zucchinis.
The Tatuma is a Mexican heirloom squash that also comes with the name Calabacita. This type of zucchini is full of flavor and sweet but is much firmer and pale green.
The cousa is from the Middle east. They have thin skins and are pale green with a flavor much sweeter than regular zucchinis.
Zephyrs have tough skins, but the flesh on the inside is tender and soft. Their bottom halves are pale green, and their top halves are yellow.
18. Tromboncino zucchini
A zucchini that looks like a wind instrument, hence the name tromboncino. Also called zucetta, the tromboncino means ‘little trumpet.’ These grow to an incredible size of almost three feet! They are slender and long, are light green and creamy. They do not grow as bushy zucchinis but are from the climbing zucchini plant variety.
19. Meot Jaeng
A Korean variety, it is a summer plant that has a soft and delicate texture.
20. Tondo di Nizza Zucchini
This zucchini plant produces vegetables that are perfectly spherical in shape. The Italian name ‘Tondo di Nizza’ translates to ‘Round of Nice’ in English. Their skin is thin, delicate, and glossy and is cream green in color.
21. Costata Romanesco
Delicious and densely fleshed, this Italian zucchini has comparatively low water content and stays firm even after cooking.
We have mentioned most of the varieties of zucchinis. Some of these can still be further divided into more categories, like kinds of yellow zucchinis, or bushy, or climbing ones.
We hope this article will help you find a zucchini that best fits your requirements and tastes!