Where Do Cherries Grow on the Tree?

Cherry trees.

Cherries are grown on the tree in all parts of the world, where winter temperatures are mild and summer temperatures are pleasant. They need the cold of winter to bloom in the spring. The trees bloom in the spring, right after the peaches and before the apples.

Cherry varieties are generally selected for the beauty of their blooms in Asia, particularly Japan, yet the majority of them do not set fruit.

These lovely ornamentals can be found in many gardens, and they became widely distributed in moderate-temperature areas of Europe and North America after about 1900. The mayor of Tokyo donated the Japanese blooming cherries around the Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C., in 1912.

Where Cherries Grow on the Trees

The majority of cherry species are native to the Northern Hemisphere and are frequently grown there. In North America, 10 to 12 species are identified, with a comparable number in Europe. Eastern Asia, on the other hand, appears to have the highest concentration of species.

Where do the Majority of Cherry Trees Grow?

The principal sweet cherry producing states are Washington, California, and Oregon, which account for about 90% of all sweet cherry production in the United States. Michigan is the leading tart cherry producer, accounting for roughly 74 percent of total tart cherry production.

What are Dwarf Cherry Trees?

If you have a small garden and can’t plant a full-sized tree, dwarf cherry trees might be an option worth considering.

A breeder in Saskatchewan began developing hybrid cherry plants that grew in a shrub-like form in the 1940s. When he died, University of Saskatchewan researchers took over and worked on the plants until they were completely satisfied with the taste of the fruit.

Carmine Jewel, the team’s first dwarf cherry shrub, was developed in 1999. In 2004, they released “The Romance Series of Cherries,” which included cultivars including Valentine, Crimson Passion, Romeo, Juliet, and Cupid. The sour cherries produced by these shrubs are ideal for cooking and processing. They’re also less difficult to prune than a dwarf sweet cherry.

A miniature cherry tree is a good choice if you want sweet cherries for fresh eating. A branch from one of your favorite cherry cultivars (such as Bing, Ranier, or Lapins) is grafted onto a rootstock from an appropriate tree in this scenario.

The rootstock imparts a variety of characteristics to the new plant, including disease resistance and greater hardiness. However, one of the most essential characteristics is that certain rootstocks will assist in limiting the tree’s mature growth.

Types of Cherries that Grow on the Trees

Although there are over 1,000 different varieties of cherries, only a few are routinely grown. There are a few things to consider while choosing the type of cherry tree to plant at home.

Sweet Cherries

The most common type of cherry is Prunus avium, or sweet cherry. Rainier, Montmorency, and Bing sweet cherry types are self-sterile, which means they must be planted in groups of at least two to three for cross-pollination. They grow in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 9, but this varies depending on the type.

Stella Cherries

Stella cherries are a self-pollinating dwarf variety that is only a few years old. Stella cherry trees do not require cross-pollination from a second compatible tree, making them ideal for modest home gardens. Stella cherry trees thrive in USDA zones 5 to 8, but each type is unique.

Sour Cherries

Prunus cerasus, or sour cherries, are more typically picked for preserving or jam making. These self-fertile tart cherry trees are self-fertile. Sour cherry trees are hardy in USDA zones 4 to 6; however, this varies by variety.

Best Practices for Planting Cherry Trees

Whether you’re growing sweet or sour plants, they both require similar circumstances.

The health of your trees depends on the quality of the soil. For certain species, you can just dig a hole and place the root ball inside, then leave the plant to do the rest. Cherries, on the other hand, require deep, well-drained soil, which can be difficult to achieve in rocky places or soils with high clay content.

We recommend digging the hole deeper and broader than necessary to accommodate the root ball. To give the plant an opportunity to set roots and spread into its new habitat, thoroughly break up the dirt and replace about a quarter of the native soil with compost.

Any fruit tree needs full sun, so plant it where it will receive at least 8 hours of sunlight per day. On the southernmost reaches of the growing zones, a little shade from the hottest afternoon sun can be beneficial.

Sour cultivars thrive in soil with a pH of 6-7, whereas sweet cultivars thrive in soil with a pH of 6.3-7.2. Beyond these suggestions, they will thrive in other acidic or basic environments, but they prefer this narrow range. Before selecting types, get your soil analyzed to ensure you have a suitable starting point.

Final Thoughts

Cherries grow on the trees in different regions of the world. They generally require colder climates, which is why there are certain areas where they won’t grow well to produce fruit. In America, Washington, California, and Oregon are ideal locations for planting cherry trees.

Read more here: How Long Do Cherries Take to Flower? | What Can I Do with Dried Cherries? | What Can You Make With Sour Cherries? | When to Plant and How to Grow Ground Cherries? | Will Cherries Grow in Florida?

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