Where Do Blueberries Grow In The World?

Blueberry farm during harvest season.

Blueberries are grown commercially for their berries all over the world. There are many different varieties that growers grow depending on where they live and what is appropriate there for growing them best, such as lowbush blueberries in Alaska or highbush blueberries in Europe. Blueberries prefer to grow near water so they can be watered easily when needed but will also grow well inland if given enough water during dry spells or periods of drought.

This blog post will list down some of the most popular destinations where blueberries are grown.

North America

Blueberries are a nutrient-dense fruit that grows in North America. Blueberry plants can be found in many different regions, including California, Oregon, Washington, and New York.

On average, the blueberry plant grows to about five feet tall but can reach up to 20 feet high occasionally. The leaves of the blueberry plant are dark green with small teeth along its edges. Most people use their hands or fingers to pick off the ripe berries from branches close enough to the ground. Harvesting typically begins late July through early September, depending on where you live and how fast your particular crop matures.

United States

The blueberry industry in the United States is booming, with over 12 billion pounds of berries grown annually. The most popular region for growing blueberries is along the East coast, with Maine being one of the largest producers.

The berries grow on bushes, trees, and vines.  Twelve states are producing blueberries in the United States. These 12 states include

  1. Florida
  2. Georgia
  3. Michigan
  4. Oregon
  5. Wisconsin
  6. Texas
  7. North Carolina
  8. Maine
  9. Virginia
  10. New Jersey
  11. Tennessee,
  12. South Carolina

The most popular variety of blueberry is the Wild Blue which accounts for about 80% of all U.S production. Other types include: Duke 15%, Elliott 4%, Earliblue 2% and Blueray 1%.

Canada

Blueberries are one of the most popular berries that Canadians consume.

The climate is perfect for these berries to thrive. On average, each acre can produce up to 10 tons of blueberries per year.

Canada has a long history of blueberry production. Blueberries are grown in various regions across the country, but Nova Scotia and British Columbia produce the most. Canada is one of the top five producers of blueberries worldwide. With such a rich market for these delicious berries, it’s no wonder that we see an increase in their consumption.

Mexico

In Mexico, the berry grows primarily in the southern region of Veracruz state on sandy soil near rivers or streams. However, this area does not provide the ideal environment for growing berries because it is too humid and rainy. Mexican farmers have successfully planted blueberries at higher elevations with better drainage and less humidity than their lowland counterparts.

High altitudes allow more air circulation, reducing fungus growth and pests that attack high-value crops like corn and beans while increasing yields from existing fields by up to 60%.

France

The blueberry growth in France has been increasing rapidly over the last decade. This expansion of blueberries is due to various factors, including climate change and increased demand for blueberry products. As shown by data collected from 2004-2014, the number of acres under cultivation with blueberries in France has tripled in that time period.   Blueberry plants are thriving in France and are also expanding into other countries like Belgium and Italy because of their close proximity to Europe’s largest producer, France. With this rapid increase, it is estimated that there will be more than 1 million acres planted across Europe within 10 years.

Netherlands

In the Netherlands, blueberry growth is a booming business. Holland exports about 100 million pounds of it to more than 55 countries worldwide. The country’s production has increased by more than 40% since 2005. That’s because farmers find new ways to grow their berries faster and better while retaining their natural flavor.

Spain

Spain’s blueberry growth is on the rise. It has been reported that Spanish blueberries are now more popular than their American counterparts. The reason for this is due to Spain’s abundant sunlight, which helps produce a sweeter berry. Spaniards consume less sugar than Americans, so they prefer the tartness of the berries over sweeter options like strawberries and raspberries.

Spain produces approximately 2 million tons of fruit each year, almost 1/3 of that being blueberry production. This makes it an important country in growing and exporting these fruits around Europe and North America.

Blueberries are grown throughout Spain but predominantly in Galicia, where they grow wild on hillsides as well as cultivated by farmers who plant them close.

Sweden

In the last decade, blueberry production in Sweden has increased primarily due to increased demand from domestic and international markets. To meet this demand, farmers have been working hard to up their production and introduce new breeds of blueberries that are more flavorful and productive. These efforts have paid off, with the Swedish blueberry industry now being one of the most competitive worldwide.    While there is still room for improvement, it’s clear that these farmers are doing something right.

New Zealand

Blueberries are a type of berry that grows and flourish in New Zealand. They grow on bushes, and the leaves turn red, orange, and yellow shades as winter approaches. They can be eaten fresh, but they’re most often used to make blueberry pies, muffins, or other baked goods like scones. The taste is sweet with a hint of tartness.

The berries were first brought over from Europe by Captain James Cook in 1769 when he returned from his voyage worldwide for England’s Royal Society. He introduced them to New Zealand after discovering how well they grew there during his travels through North America and southeast Asia.

Denmark

Denmark has a population of only 5.6 million people and covers an area of 16,938 square miles. The climate is temperate, with cold winters and cool summers. Despite these challenges, Denmark’s blueberry production has increased due to introducing new naturally resistant varieties to pests and diseases common in this world region, such as powdery mildew, leaf spots, and various blueberry canker infections.

Despite its size, Denmark has one-third of all the world’s known species of plants found on just 2% of the landmass, according to the World Wildlife Fund.

Portugal

Portugal’s warm climate and fertile soil make it an ideal country for agriculture and the Portuguese are proud of their blueberries. Blueberry production has increased dramatically in recent years, with farmers planting more blueberry bushes to meet demand. These plants require lots of water, fertilizer, and care but produce delicious fruit that is sought after both within Portugal and abroad.

Switzerland

The Swiss are known for their love of chocolate, cuckoo clocks, and cheese. However, the country has another delicacy that is just as popular: blueberries. Blueberry cultivation in Switzerland is a long-term project with many benefits to the environment and economy. The berries have been grown on about 200 hectares since 1975 but now account for more than 2% of Swiss fruit production.

Final Word

If you’re looking for the perfect blueberry, consider one of these locations. From Maine to New Jersey and Oregon to Florida, there are plenty of places where you can find a succulent berry that will satisfy your sweet tooth in no time.

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