Types of Raspberries

Types of raspberries.

Raspberries are one of the most popular berries in the world, thanks to their sweet, juicy taste, vibrant color, and antioxidant potency. It’s difficult to pick the best raspberries out of hundreds of kinds, especially when several new varieties are created every year through intensive breeding procedures.

Surprisingly, each species contains a different mix of minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Below, we have discussed some common types of raspberries.

Raspberry Varieties

1. Boyne

Boyne raspberry is a tiny shrub farmed primarily for its delicious characteristics. It yields red heart-shaped berries that are ready to pick in the early to mid-summer. The berries have a luscious texture and a sweet flavor.

The foliage of the Boyne raspberry stays green all year. The fuzzy oval compound leaves do not turn a noticeable color in the fall. The blossoms aren’t particularly attractive. In the middle of summer, it produces an abundance of gorgeous red berries.

This is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub that grows in an upright spreading form. It can be distinguished from other landscape plants with finer leaves by its coarse texture. This is a high-maintenance plant that will need to be cared for on a regular basis. Cut all dead and two-year-old canes to the ground each spring, leaving only last year’s growth.

2. Cascade Delight

Cascade Delights are a breeze to grow. From mid-summer until mid-autumn, you’ll be able to harvest bowlfuls of fruit from just a few plants. They can be eaten raw, used in jams, summer puddings, coulis, and wine, and they freeze well.

Raspberries can be grown in any size garden as long as the soil is healthy, well-drained, and there is enough sunlight. Some cultivars can even be cultivated in pots.

Summer-fruiting raspberries, which bear fruit from late June to August, are most commonly grown from the previous year’s growth. After fruiting, just clip all fruited stems back to ground level to prune. Autumn-fruiting raspberries have canes that bloom and bear fruit in the same year. In the winter, they cut down all of their canes, allowing new canes to grow in a wide row the next year.

The late-summer-fruiting raspberry, cascade delight, is a highly productive and vigorous variety. It has a high root tolerance, which makes it perfect for growing in heavy soils. Berries are huge and conical in shape, with a glossy exterior and firm meat, ensuring that they last for a long time after being picked.

3. Killarney

Killarney is a hybrid variety with bright, sparkling red berries that have an excellent aroma and flavor. This berry is great for freezing, preserving, and, of course, pies because of its sweet flavor. This hardy winter variety was developed in Manitoba and can withstand a wide range of conditions.

Killarney is one of the most disease-resistant raspberries available, making it simple to care for and ideal for beginning gardeners or those looking for a low-maintenance plant. Fruit of excellent grade. Fruit that is firm, glossy, and dark crimson in color. The shape is consistent.

As soon as the soil can be worked in the spring, plant them. During the growing season, your plants demand 1″ of water per week and regular, shallow cultivation. Only one-year-old stems will provide fruit for the bush. Prune canes back to the ground as soon as they yield fruit to make way for the robust young canes. To avoid tangling and improve their bearing capacity, more trimming will be required.

4. Royalty

This raspberry variety was released in 1982 by the Geneva Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. Royalty is the most common purple raspberry type today, and it produces a lot of fruit. The canes are prickly and have a great reach.

The purple raspberries are the sweetest of all the purple raspberries, and the fruit is huge and of excellent quality. It’s great for fresh eating and making jams and jellies. Royalty is a firm red fruit that can be selected slightly young.

Because it is a late-season cultivar, it is resistant to spring frost damage. It has a number of insect resistances, including resistance to the raspberry aphid, which should help to extend the planting’s productive life. One year after planting, this Summer Bearing Raspberry Plant bears fruit. Raspberry plants should be planted in soil with a pH of 6.5–6.8.

Royalty, the most popular purple raspberry type today, is also one of the most productive. Outstanding jellies and jams are made with this sweet, light flavor. It’s a late-ripening variety that’s great for the table.

Cornell Research Foundation created a hybrid between a purple and a red raspberry. It combines the best qualities of both, with a purple hybrid’s great fruit size and plant vigor and a red raspberry’s high fruit quality. This is a wonderful alternative to black raspberry. Royalty is a hardy plant with a wide range of adaptation and high output potential.

5. Anne

This everbearing variety yields enormous golden-hued berries with a sweet, almost tropical flavor with a tinge of apricot. The Utah State University Cooperative Extension awarded ‘Anne’ for having the finest flavor in a comparison of raspberry cultivars in 2013. It is a disease-resistant cultivar that grows robustly.

Because it is self-pollinating, you can expect harvests from July through the first frost, with better flavor as the weather cools. Propagation of this type is banned, as is the case with all patented variations.

Plant in full sun in well-draining soil. Cold resistant and heat tolerant. It’s important to keep in mind that this cultivar is prone to root rot.

6. Dorman Red

From June to the first frost in September, you can expect strong yields on second-year canes thanks to an everbearing cultivar that produces sweet, red fruit in profusion on fast-growing, thornless canes. To keep them from drooping along the ground, trellising is essential.

Dorman Red is ideal for the Southeast. In late spring and early summer, Dorman Red produces a massive harvest of tasty dome-shaped berries. The shiny crimson fruit, which grows on tall spiky canes, is edible, both fresh and frozen.

This cultivar prefers light and well-drained, somewhat fertile soil, but unlike most other red raspberries, it does not require a hard winter and a slow spring to bear fruit. Second-year canes provide fruit; in the fall, prune these canes to the ground to make place for next year’s producing canes. It’s possible that the long canes will need to be trained to a fence or trellis. This cultivar, like all red raspberries, produces a rewarding culinary garden plant.

It is recommended that Red, Gold, or Purple raspberries not be planted within 75-100 feet of Black raspberries. Aphids may carry viral infections to and from neighboring raspberry plants, making black raspberries more susceptible.

7. Fall Gold

This moderately strong cultivar will yield two harvests per season on biennial canes and is an everbearing variety with sweet and tart golden fruit. Fall Gold is more compact than other types, with erect, thorn-covered canes that reach a height of 24-36 inches at maturity and grows well in most of the US if given full sun.

Yellow raspberries, which are actually a variety of red raspberries with a mutation that precludes the formation of the brilliant pigment that these berries are known for, have much of the same care requirements as red raspberries.

Prune ‘Fall Gold’ and other everbearing varieties carefully since the fall crop will be produced on the top 1/3 of canes, with the following spring crop sprouting on the bottom 2/3 of the same canes. This cultivar is noted for its ability to withstand temperatures as low as -25°F – talk about a hardy plant!

8. Heritage

It’s easy to see why the Heritage Everbearing Raspberry is the most popular red raspberry in the world! This huge, tasty berry is high in nutritional value. The Heritage raspberry shrub grows quickly and produces a lot of fruit. Fruit is produced twice a year, once in the summer and once in the fall! For months, you’ll be able to eat fresh, juicy raspberries!

Heritage raspberry is a durable and easy-to-grow bush that has won numerous awards. You can eat them raw or use them to make sweets and preserves. You’ll adore the flavor of these sweet, delicious berries. When mature, these high-quality raspberries don’t crumble or mush like many other raspberry kinds. The plump berries can be picked and frozen! Keep the juice in your mouth rather than on your hands!

Heritage raspberry bushes, unlike other raspberry bushes, do not require support. These low-maintenance berries are abundant. Plant them now, and you’ll have fruit the first year!

Raspberries prefer full to partial sun and can grow in any well-draining soil. The Heritage raspberry plant is disease resistant and drought tolerant. Fertilize your raspberry bush with our balanced, slow-release fertilizer when you first plant it and again in the spring to encourage growth and more raspberries. For optimal results, prune back canes that are fruited after harvest.

9. Jewel

Do you enjoy black raspberries? This summer bearing ‘Bristol’ x ‘Dundee’ cross yields red fruit that darkens to black when mature, in late June to early July, and is also called as ‘Jewel Black.’ The berries are medium to large, sweet, and flavorful, with few seeds, making them ideal for canning.

If planted in well-draining soil in full sun, this self-pollinating and cold tolerant plant grows swiftly, with 24 to 36-inch canes at maturity. However, because ‘Jewel’ has lower yields, you need to plant more of them for cross-pollination and greater yields.

In the summer, don’t let these plants dry out and try to maintain consistent moisture levels. Remember to prune deadwood and all two-year-old canes to the ground in the spring, but leave the previous year’s growth remaining.

According to experts, black raspberries should not be planted within 75 feet of other color cultivars because they may be more susceptible to diseases spread by aphids.

10. Joan J

The Joan J raspberry plant is one of the easiest berries to cultivate in a home garden due to its ease of plucking, strong growth, and lack of thorns. Joan J is a red raspberry cultivar that can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 9. A Joan J raspberry plant can produce fruit twice a year, depending on how well it is cared for after.

Joan J raspberry plants are thornless, upright cultivars that produce solid, flavorful fruit that freezes well. Joan J raspberries have the advantage of quickly releasing from the plant, making picking easy and delightful. Raspberries are not real berries since they develop in flowers with numerous ovaries rather than a single ovary. Blueberries, cranberries, and elderberries are examples of true berry species.

The roots of raspberry plants survive the winter since they are perennials. According to Piedmont Master Gardeners, a raspberry plant can live for five to twelve years. Raspberry plant canes, on the other hand, only live for two years.

The Joan J raspberry is an everbearing, or primocane, variety of raspberry, meaning it produces its first harvest on new growth, known as primocanes, in late summer to fall of its first year, and a second, lower-yield crop on second-year canes, known as floricanes, the following summer.

11. Polka

‘Polka’ is a hardy cultivar with minimal thorns that grows to a mature height of 4-6 feet with a spread of 1-2 feet and produces a lot of fruit. When the berries are ready to pick, they are juicy and sweet with a mild flavor and a pale to dark red color.

These everbearing plants will bear fruit from July to the first frost in September, and they’re recognized for maturing earlier in the season compared to other types. Growing numerous plants isn’t necessary because they are self-pollinating and cold-hardy, but it will help secure larger harvests.

Another advantage is that it is resistant to root rot. Use the ‘Joan J’ variety as a companion plant.

Polka raspberries are huge, have a fresh flavor, and have a long shelf life, and are known for their remarkable quality and consistency. The plants also have a high level of disease resistance. Large, tasty raspberries from mid-summer to the first frosts; the canes are self-supporting.

12. September

The ‘September’ red raspberry bush produces a tart berry that is sure to wake up your taste buds in the morning. Although it can ripen as early as August in some Southern states, the deep flavor is strongest in September.

Any child’s hunger will be satisfied by a bowl of September red raspberries. The berries of these raspberries have a pleasing brilliant red hue, with a sweet perfume that complements the flavor.

September red raspberry bushes can be grown in a variety of climates and are quite cold tolerant. To provide a diverse range of colors, these plants are frequently planted alongside Fall Gold raspberry bushes and Black Hawk raspberries. As soon as the soil can be worked in the spring, plant. During the growing season, your plants require 1 inch of water per week and regular, shallow cultivation.

13. Amity

Because of its delightful sweet flavor, ‘Amity’ raspberry is an ideal choice for raspberry fans! This robust raspberry bears huge, solid red berries that are ideal for jams, baking, or sprinkling over cereal. Amity is a self-pollinating raspberry plant that will produce raspberries in the early and late summer!

As soon as the soil can be worked in the spring, plant. This cultivar thrives in full sun and loamy soil that drains well. During the growing season, 1 inch of water per week and shallow cultivation are advised. Plants should be trimmed or mowed to 1″ above ground level after fall leaf drop and before spring growth. Choose the strongest canes and cut out small or weak canes in the spring as new growth begins to ensure optimal fruiting.

14. Bristol

The Cornell Small Fruit Breeding Program in Geneva, New York, was the first to introduce the Bristol black raspberry. It’s a heritage variety with excellent yields. Its upright growth and cluster formation make selecting a breeze. The black raspberry flavor comes from the medium-sized, firm, and glossy fruit.

The plant grows quickly but is only moderately hardy. Powdery mildew resistance is strong, and it bears fruit one year after planting. A pH of 6.5-6.8 in the soil is optimum for plant growth. Tall, spiky canes with excellent suckering make up this plant.

Bristol not only has great flavor, but it also has a lot of Nutraceuticals, which are important nutrients for your health.

15. Brandywine

Brandywine is the fruit to grow if you want a real purple raspberry. It has a delicate feel and is a cross between a red raspberry and a black raspberry. Cornell University in New York first introduced this huge, beautiful berry with a tart flavor. Brandywine is a high-quality raspberry type with a wide range of adaptability.

Brandywine raspberry has larger, wider-spaced thorns and is less invasive. The canes are large, upright, and do not bend over the fruits, in addition to being pest resistant. As soon as the soil can be worked in the spring, it should be planted. The plant requires 1″ of water every week to maintain regular, shallow cultivation.

Jams, jellies, and pies are some of the most typical uses for Brandywine. The purple tint turns deep crimson when baked into pies and pastries. Furthermore, this species is widely employed in the fermentation of wines and other spirits.

Final Thoughts

We have discussed some of the most common varieties of raspberries. Each raspberry has its own unique flavor and planting requirements. Some only grow in specific regions, while others are suitable for growth in different locations. Before you consider planting any raspberry in your garden, make sure to go through the requirements to ensure that you get good fruit.

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