Peaches are among the most awaited summer fruits. These super-sweet fruits, dripping with juice, taste divine as is and taste equally well grilled and baked. You’ll be surprised to know there are about 2,000 different types of peaches. Peaches come in a massive variety of sizes, color, and shapes, and of course, each variety has its own distinctive taste.
The scientific name Prunus persica, or Persian Plum, is derived from an early European assumption that the peach has its origins in Persia, which is modern-day Iran. Malum persicum, which means Persian Apple, was the name given to it by the ancient Romans. It was then renamed “pêche” in French or “peach” in English.
They are members of the rose family, near relatives of almonds, and are classified as “stone fruits” due to the hard pits that enclose their seeds.
The Different Types of Peaches You Should Be Aware Of
Peaches come in a variety of shapes and sizes. As previously stated, there are over 2,000 different types of peaches. All sorts of peaches, on the other hand, are divided into a few basic types, which we’ll go over in-depth below:
Clingstone peaches are defined as peaches with flesh that adheres to the pit of the fruit. The flesh of these peaches might be yellow or white, and they are usually sweet and juicy. Instead of eating around the pit, it is recommended that you cut the pit away from the fruit with a knife. Because it is necessary to separate the flesh from the pit before eating, most Clingstone peaches are more commonly used for processing rather than desserts.
The Santa Rosa peach, which has yellow flesh with a sweet and acidic flavor, is one of these kinds. They have a crisp, hard bite and are generally used for preserving and canning. However, they are occasionally used for baking and salads. The Crimson Beauty peach is another variation, with skin that is almost red in hue. The Red Beauty is a reddish-yellow colored fruit that is in season from May through August.
Doughnut peaches are a type of heirloom peach with white flesh and a flat form. They’re generally found in specialty produce stores or at local farmers’ markets in July and August. They have a low acidity, which makes them quite pleasant.
Freestone peaches are less sweet and juicy than Clingstone peaches, yet they are the most widely available peaches in supermarkets and in desserts. They acquire their name from the fact that their flesh can readily be detached from the pit. Depending on the type, the flesh might be yellow or white.
The O’Henry peach, which matures in late summer and has thin red skin and firm yellow flesh, is one of the most popular varieties in this category. Only their perfect combination of sweetness and acidity is more attractive than their fragrance. O’Henry peaches can be used to make preserves and sorbets, as well as to mix cocktails. This category also includes the Red Top peach. It features lovely pink flowers and delicious-smelling foliage. It’s the right combination of sweet and sour.
Elegant Lady Peaches, another famous type in the Freestone peach family, are firm, gently acidic, and highly aromatic and are commonly used for eating, canning, and baking.
These peaches are a cross between Freestone and Clingstone varieties, and they have two distinct advantages: their flesh is incredibly sweet and juicy, and it does not cling to the pit. They are a delicious variety of peach that you should try.
Melting Flesh Peaches
These peaches have flesh that easily comes apart and softens, especially over time. They will get raggedy and torn if you try to cut them with a knife. Melting flesh peaches come in two varieties: Clingstone and Freestone, and they’re great in cobblers, pies, and other delicious sweets. You can even eat them raw for a more natural flavor.
Non-Melting Flesh Peaches
These peaches’ flesh stays lovely and firm for a long time, unlike melting flesh peaches, which is one of the reasons they’re employed in processed meals and canning. This category includes clingstone peaches, which are only used in desserts or eaten raw on rare occasions.
They’re the outliers in the group. Nectarines are a fruit that belongs to the peach family. Their smooth, fuzz-free skin, on the other hand, distinguishes them from other peaches. Nectarines come in a variety of colors and textures, including yellow, white, clingstone, and freestone. They have a sweet, almost honeyed flavor, similar to peaches. They have a harder texture, similar to that of an apple.
Peento peaches are a variety of Chinese peach that is currently produced in the states of Washington and California in the United States. They are available in a range of colors and flesh textures. These peaches are either flat or shaped like doughnuts, rather than having a spherical form like other sorts of peaches.
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Yellow Flesh Peaches
These peaches are usually dark red in the core and contain flesh that is either orange or yellow, with a taste that is a mix of acidic and sweet. They have a pleasant, slightly tangy flavor and are best purchased between May and September. Yellow Flesh peaches come in a variety of kinds and are primarily grown in Europe and North America.
White Flesh Peaches
White peaches are Asian peach tree varieties. They have a flavor comparable to yellow peaches, but because of their low acidity, they are slightly sweeter. They are pale pink on the outside and pale yellow on the inside. White peaches don’t keep up as well in the oven as yellow peaches since they’re softer. Grilling or eating these peaches raw is the way to go.
Popular Peach Varieties That You Can Grow in Your Garden
If you want to cultivate your favorite fruit in your own backyard, you’re in luck. You may cultivate a variety of peach cultivars in your yard with relative ease. We’ve compiled a list of the most popular peach kinds for you to try growing in your own backyard.
These fuzz-free peaches are small to medium in size and feature delectable, white flesh that is both acidic and sweet.
Cardinal peaches have a beautiful red-and-yellow exterior with firm yellow flesh and are collected in the early to mid-season.
Early Amber Peaches
These peaches are typically grown in Florida and feature dark red and yellow peel with medium-firm flesh that is orangish-yellow in hue.
These peaches with golden flesh and a tart flavor bloom in the middle to late summer. They are medium-sized and have a reddish flush to their skin.
Halloween peaches are huge fruits with yellow flesh and a reddish-brown peel. They are usually ready to harvest around Halloween time, as their name suggests.
Arctic Supreme Peaches
These huge red-and-cream peaches have white flesh and a red-and-cream hue. They have a delicious flavor and are classified as a Clingstone peach.
August Pride Peaches
August Pride peaches feature a red-blushed exterior and wonderful yellow flesh. They are huge and round, and the majority of them are cultivated in California.
Cresthaven peaches are medium to large in size and feature firm yellow flesh that is highly delicious. They also have a high resistance to browning, allowing them to last a long period.
El Dorado Peaches
These peaches have golden flesh with a very rich flavor and are medium in size, yet they grow on tiny trees.
The Forty-Niner peaches are fairly large and have a very delicate feel to their flesh. They are usually found in California and have golden skin with a red flush.
Peaches with golden flesh and a tart flavor bloom in the middle to late summer. They are medium-sized and have a reddish flush to their skin.
Honey Babe Peaches
These peaches are modest in size and have a lovely golden flesh. They are available to harvest in the middle of the season and grow on tiny trees.
The Madison peach is a freestone peach from Virginia with orange-yellow flesh that turns red near the center, where the pit is placed. They have a particularly deep flavor and are harvested late in the season. They’re also great for freezing and canning.
These are huge, yellow-skinned fruits with white meat. They are sweet and juicy, with a hint of honey flavor, and are gathered in the middle of the season.
The crimson and white flesh of these medium-sized peaches is sweet and juicy. They are typically grown in Iowa and harvested in the middle of the season.
These peaches are yellow in color with a hint of dark crimson. They are a freestone type from New Hampshire that has delicious golden flesh.
Rio Grande Peaches
The Rio Grande peach is a freestone type from Florida that has a fine texture and yellow flesh, making it ideal for eating right out of your hand.
Snow Beauty Peaches
These red-skinned peaches are quite enormous. Their flesh is white, and many people believe them to be one of the most delicious peaches ever.
Southern Sweet Peaches
These California peaches have red-and-yellow skin and are medium in size. They are truly delicious in taste.
Tropic Snow Peaches
These peaches are medium in size and have a reddish-purple peel.
They have white flesh and are quite delicious. They are harvested early in the season.
These peaches are tiny and oblong in shape. They have a somewhat acidic flavor and are golden in hue with a wine-red blush. The majority of them are collected in California.
White Health Cling Peaches
They are a Clingstone cultivar from Maryland that ranges in size from medium to large. They have red-and-white skin and white flesh that is exceptionally delicious. They are harvested late in the season.
You can enjoy a fresh supply of your favorite peaches straight from your garden now that you’re familiar with the types of peaches and the varieties you may grow in your home garden.