23 Turnips Varieties

These are various turnips in a basket.

Turnips are a root vegetable that has been cultivated for over 3000 years! It comes in various shapes, sizes, and colors, and it can be grown in the fall and spring. Turnip varieties offer a remarkable range of sizes, forms, flavors, colors and come in both roots and leafy green varieties. They also vary in the time it takes from seed to table, in addition to the typical old Purple Top and white Tokyo Cross.

Ancient turnips (Brassica rapa) are edible plants with a single round-shaped or conical lower or underground stem seeded in late spring and late summer to thrive over the cooler months. The most common types have white roots with a diameter of one to five inches and solid, crisp white or pale yellow flesh with purplish shoulders where the sunlight touches them. Broccoli, cabbage, mustard, and kale are all close relatives of turnips.

Turnips used to be either spherical or broad-bottomed, but over the centuries, new varieties emerged, including some with long carrot-like shapes with skins ranging from pure white to purple or crimson shoulders.

White, yellow, golden, or red-veined flesh might be as bitter as radishes or as smooth and creamy as apples. Turnips come in a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes.

Purple-Top White Globe Turnips

Purple top turnips grow in 50-55 days and produce a white-colored, spherical root with a purple top that measures 4-6 inches in diameter. You can keep them in a cool, damp location. They have a peppery flavor that complements stews and braises well.

Scarlet Queen Turnips

If you want to add color to your salads, vivid red scarlet turnips are a great choice! They have a little flat shape and mature in 40-45 days, with a sweet and crunchy flavor that pairs well with carrots, parsley, lemon, and honey, making them one of the greatest turnip varieties!

White Egg Turnip

In 40-45 days, you can harvest white egg turnips, which grow to be 4-5 inch egg-shaped roots with white flesh. The White Egg turnip has high water content, making it juicier than other turnips. The meat has a sweet, delicate, and crunchy flavor that is ideal for soups and stews.

White Lady Turnip

This hybrid cultivar can be harvested in 30-35 days. In comparison to purple-top turnips, the white lady turnip has a moderate flavor. It has pristine white skin and flesh and grows to be 2-3 inches in diameter. The fragile greens are delicious and can be used in a variety of cuisines.

Tokyo Cross Turnip

The award-winning hybrid variety Tokyo cross turnip is ready to harvest in about 30-35 days. It produces a white globe that is 3-6 inches in diameter and has mild, sweet, and crispy flesh. This type can be grown in your yard or in containers from spring through October.

Baby Bunch Turnips

Baby bunch turnips are little turnips with a diameter of 1-2 inches. They feature crunchy meat with tips that are white, purple, gold, or pink. It has a tangy apple and radish flavor to it. Turnips are often picked when they are young, but baby turnips are harvested when they are considerably smaller. They can’t store vegetables in the cellar.

Gold Ball Turnip

The gold ball turnip has a somewhat sweet, almond-like flavor with a golden-yellow flesh and skin. It can reach a diameter of 5-6 inches and has a mellow flavor if plucked young, at 3-4 inches in diameter, like ordinary turnips. However, it takes 40-45 days to mature. In soups or stews, combine gold ball turnips with carrots for a delicious flavor combination.


It’s also known as ‘Oase,’ and it’s a delicious Japanese hybrid cultivar with a 4-5 inch diameter semi-globe form root and late bolting and pithiness. It tastes like a juicy, sweet melon and can be eaten raw or added to salads. In 50-55 days, you can harvest them.


Shogoin is a traditional Japanese turnip type that produces a big globe-shaped root that is 6-8 inches broad. The plant can reach a height of 18-20 inches. In 55-70 days, you can harvest this root turnip and snip off the greens, and in 30-35 days, you can harvest the greens. Soups and salads can both benefit from the addition of roots and greens.

Seven Top Turnip and Topper

Turnips, both topper and seven top, are farmed primarily for their nutritious greens. The plant can grow to be 18-22 inches in length.

Harvest the leaves when they are young and tender for the finest taste and flavor. In 40-45 days, you can harvest seven top turnips, and in 30-35 days, you can pull topper turnips.

Manchester Market Turnip

Manchester market turnips produce a globe-shaped, creamy-white root with a light green top and edible leaves that grow to be 3-5 inches long.

This cultivar is quite simple to grow. When they become as big as a tennis ball, harvest them and use them in stews for a pleasant and delicious peppery flavor. They are one of the greatest turnip varieties to cultivate!

Red Round Turnip

The red round turnip is about the size of a tennis ball, with a red exterior and white meat, and it takes 50-55 days to harvest. It has a crunchy, sweet flavor that goes well with soups, stews, and curries. They are one of the most colorful varieties of turnips!

Orange Jelly Turnip

The ‘Golden Ball,’ also known as ‘Robertson’s Golden Ball,’ is salmon-colored and not quite orange in hue. The yellow interior flesh contains a tinge of bitter almond flavor. They can be harvested in 45-65 days. Turnips can be harvested in 35-40 days if you desire an early yield.

Gilfeather Turnip

Gilfeather turnip is an heirloom cultivar that is a cross between a turnip and rutabaga. It takes 70-75 days from seed to harvest. The interior flesh of this turnip species is white and sweet, with a taste that is similar to that of a potato. However, the flavor is mostly determined by the quality of the growing soil.

Sweet Scarlet Ball

The sweet scarlet ball turnip grows into a 3-4 inch diameter root with dark purple-pink skin and sweet-flavored white meat with a radish-like aftertaste. It takes 45-50 days to mature and can be used in salads or as a snack.

Royal Crown Turnip

With the purple blotch on top, this hybrid variety grows in a 4-5 inch diameter with somewhat flattened roots. It has a delicate, sweet flavor that is ideal for souffles and soups. In 50-55 days, you can harvest royal crown turnips.

Hinona Kabu

Hinona kabu is a long, slender Japanese turnip with a mild flavor that develops to be 1-2 inches wide and 10-12 inches long. The root is white with a purple top and takes 40-45 days to mature.

Hidabeni Turnip

Hidabeni is a traditional Japanese vegetable cultivated in the Hida region.

It has white flesh and a mild flavor and grows in slightly flattened, semi-spherical roots. In 45-50 days, you can harvest this turnip variety.

Top Star Turnip

Top star turnips are produced for their tall, lobed, long green leaves. Therefore the root of this hybrid type is useless. The leaves of this cultivar can be harvested in 30-35 days, although you can pluck them whenever they are 3-4 inches long. These types of turnips can also be used in soups, salads, and stir-fries.


Nozawana is a Japanese turnip that is grown largely for its tasty, long, dark green leaves. It can be harvested in 30-40 days, though you should harvest it sooner for the finest flavor, especially when it reaches 2-3 inches in diameter. It has a moderate flavor and is commonly used in pickles, stir-fries, or as a steamed vegetable.


Komachi is a slow-bolting Japanese hybrid turnip that develops white spherical roots with a diameter of 2-3 inches.

They can be harvested in 40-45 days, but only when the bulb is 1-2 inches in diameter. Komachi turnips can be used in salads or eaten raw as a snack.


Hakurei is a hybrid type with a hairless green top that is white in hue.

When the root reaches a diameter of 2-3 inches after 35-40 days, harvest it. You can use them in salads because of their crispy, tasty, and raw flavor, or consume them in dishes with greens because of their inherent sweetness.

Just Right

It is the first hybrid turnip to win an All American Selection award for maintaining quality at a huge size. It has a 5-6 inches diameter, a semi-globe form, and a smooth white tint. They can be harvested in 60-70 days. This hybrid turnip cultivar is delicious in salads, soups, and pickles. Also, eat them raw for the greatest flavor.

Getting the seed started in warm soil and maintaining the plants growing actively until harvest is the key to quick, tasty turnips and greens.

This entails excellent fertilization prior to planting, watering during dry periods without keeping the plants wet (which can promote illnesses), and thinning young plants to 3 to 6 inches apart as they grow to allow for fatter roots to form.

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