Salmonberry blossoms are polygamous, beautiful, complete, and are huge at around 1.5 inches across. They range in color from bright pink to dark crimson and can be found alone or in groups of two to four. Flowers are frequently seen before, or in conjunction with, unfolding and expanding leaves.
This deciduous shrub can reach a height of ten feet and spread out to form dense masses. New stems are green and thorny, whereas older stems have quite a flaky orange bark with a few prickles. Their leaflets are oval in shape, 1to 3 inches long, green on both sides, and have serrated edges and lobes. The leaflets at the bottom have only one lobe each and resemble a butterfly when viewed together. The lower surfaces of the leaflets are thorny, and the upper leaf surface is wrinkled. The leaves are pinnately complex and alternately placed on the stems.
Their flowers produce mushy yellow to red, typically salmon-colored, fruit. They look like your everyday garden red raspberries but don’t have the same stinging flavor. All common songbirds, as well as game birds like grouse and pheasants, eat these fruits. The nectar of early spring blooms also attracts hummingbirds.
Salmonberries flourish in moist, bog-like conditions. Salmonberries, unlike typical raspberries, don’t mind if their feet get wet.
After planting salmonberries in your garden, you can expect a harvest in two to three years. The berries begin to develop throughout the summer, and they are among the first berries to ripen in the United States.
When Salmonberries are ripe, most of the fruits are pinkish-orange in hue, with some having a crimson undertone. Each variation has its own characteristics, and because it is frequently propagated from the wild, individual plants can have subtle differences from each other.
By biting into them, you’ll be able to tell if they have fully matured. You will easily be able to tell when to harvest a particular bush year after year since the ripe hue of a particular bush will not change after you’ve identified it.
The berries, which were typically eaten with salmon, and the stems, which were peeled and eaten raw or steamed, were eaten by the native inhabitants of the northwest coast. The berries are ideal for canning, making jam, or freezing, but they are not suitable for dehydrating due to their watery nature.
Salmonberry is native to the Pacific Northwest, with ranges extending north into Alaska and Canada and south into Washington, Idaho, Oregon, sections of California, and East Asia in Japan as well. It thrives in damp coastal forests, stream banks, bogs, shorelines, and disturbed habitats like roadsides and woodland edges.
Two varieties of the Salmonberry
Pacific Rose Salmonberry
The ‘Pacific Rose’ variety is a single flowering variant most closely related to the wild type. It boasts a great quantity of lovely, deep pink blossoms.
It bears fruit on its one-year-old and perennial shoots. The shrub-like plant grows up to 2 meters tall, is slightly prickly, and generates vines but stays in place. The Pacific Rose’s flowers are bright pink in color, and they bloom from early to mid-May.
These Salmonberry fruits are huge, firm, and raspberry-like, range in color from yellow-orange to bright red, and have a pleasant flavor. These berries should be harvested before the summer raspberries arrive, which is about mid-June.
Olympic Double Salmonberry
The variety ‘Olympic Double’ is a double-flowering salmonberry variety, as the name implies. The enormous and beautiful flowers are vividly pink in color and resemble the flowers of a classic English rose, with which the salmonberries are also botanically connected, at least on a family level.
This plant, like the Pacific Rose, bears fruit on one-year-old and everlasting shoots. It can grow up to 1.5 meters tall and has prickles on its shoots. The stem is fully hardy and creates runners but stays in place.
Their flowers are rich blooming and pink with a mild smell, kind of like an English rose. They start blooming in early June.
The Olympic Double fruits are big and firm, raspberry-like fruits. They are slightly smaller and lower yielding than the ‘Pacific Rose’ variety. The fruits are yellow-orange to bright red. Harvest begins the same in late June, right on time with the first summer raspberries.
The natives utilized the leaves to produce a medicinal tea that they drank before bed to help them sleep. Some cultures utilized the bark to relieve burns by grinding it into a powder and applying it topically. Other health benefits of the Salmonberry include;
Salmonberry can Improve Digestive Function
Salmonberry is a good choice if you’re searching for a fruit that can help with digestive issues because it’s high in manganese. It also has a high amount of antioxidants, which promote digestion by regulating metabolism, increasing vitamin absorption, and neutralizing free radicals. Their dried leaves could also be consumed to relieve diarrhea and stomach discomfort.
They Have Anti-Aging Benefits
Salmonberry’s high vitamin A content helps to maintain proper moisture levels in the skin, reducing acne, wrinkles, and skin hardening. This moisture also helps to keep psoriasis at bay. Salmonberry has vitamin E, which is also good for our skin and cells. As a result, salmonberries are considered anti-aging foods by researchers.
Can help in Controlling Blood Pressure
Salmonberry’s abundance of manganese allows it to appropriately balance blood sugar levels in your body. As a result, it can help assist your body in maintaining blood pressure regulation. The levels of Vitamin C in Salmonberry also help it treat hypertension and maintain appropriate blood vessel dilatation, which helps keep blood pressure under control.
Aside from the health benefits of Salmonberry mentioned above, the Salmonberry plant itself is edible and pleasant and has a variety of other uses. Make sure to give Salmonberries a taste and see how good they really are for yourselves!