14 Rabbit Varieties (14 Different Rabbit Breeds)

A focused shot of a rabbit looking at the camera.

Rabbits come in a variety of colors, shapes, sizes, and coat kinds, with each breed having its own distinct color, size, shape, and coat type. The subtler differences among breeds are generally of interest to people who display their rabbits, whilst the average owner is mostly concerned with coat size and kind. Remember that a rabbit purchased from a pet store might not be purebred and may not meet breed criteria. This, however, has no bearing on their quality as pets, and you should not be discouraged from adopting the rabbit of your choice.

Sorting through the sometimes befuddling variety of rabbit breeds is difficult since rabbits range in size from dwarf varieties weighing less than 2.5 pounds to large types weighing up to 16 pounds. Coats come in a variety of colors and fur lengths, ranging from white through browns, greys, and black.

Domestic rabbits were found in at least 305 different breeds in 70 different countries as of 2017. The American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) and the British Rabbit Council (BRC), for example, use promotion and exhibition to coordinate and standardize the desired attributes of their recognized breeds.

When a respected breeder seeks to mimic the breed’s goal, which is frequently described by the breed standard through which it is rated, each rabbit breed is regarded to benefit. The rabbit’s distinctive characteristics are reflected in the global range of breeds. Some of today’s rabbit breeds are listed below.

Rabbit Breeds

1. Alaska Rabbit

Alaska rabbits are recognized for their pure black fur; if it isn’t black, it’s a flaw. You’d believe it came from Alaska, but it’s actually from Germany.

It was created in 1900 by crossing the breeds of Dutch, Himalayans, Champagne d’Argents, and Havanas in an attempt to create a rabbit that looked like an Alaskan fox. The plan was to make money off of the fur, but the business failed, yet the rabbit breed survived. It was brought to North America in the 1970s as a pet rabbit breed, and it is still popular today.

2. Angora Rabbit

The Angora rabbit is one of the earliest breeds of farmed rabbits. It is thought to have come from Ankara, which was previously known as Angora. It’s unclear when it was built, but it existed during King Henry VIII’s reign, which lasted from 1509 to 1547. In the middle of the 18th century, French monarchy preferred this rabbit as a pet, and by the end of the century, it had spread throughout Europe.

It wasn’t until the early twentieth century that it was imported to America. The Angora rabbit is recognized for its large fluffy fur, which is also why it was developed. This breed needs to be groomed on a regular basis, or else the rabbit’s fur would overgrow, causing pain and illness. To put it another way, this isn’t the most user-friendly pet rabbit breed.

3. Flemish Giant

A Flemish Giant rabbit laying on green grass.

The Flemish giant is the largest breed of enormous rabbits. These gentle giants date back to the 16th century and come from Belgium. These rabbits are frequently raised for meat and fur, yet their calm demeanor and patience when handled make them ideal pets.

The average Flemish giant weighs about 15 pounds (6.6 kilograms), however they can weigh up to 22 pounds (ten kilograms). Because of their large size, they require a lot of space to wander, therefore if you live in a small apartment with little outdoor space, this breed may not be right for you.

4. British Giant

In the 1940s, English giants were developed from Flemish giants. These massive companions can weigh up to 7 kilograms and are about the size of a small dog. Despite being the largest of the English rabbit breeds, the British giant is smaller than continental Flemish giants. Colors such as opal, white, sable, blue, grey, and black were bred into the British giant.

The fur on these rabbits must be brushed on a regular basis to keep it in good shape; otherwise, it may mat. The fur is dense, silky, and medium-length. Rabbits have a relatively short life expectancy of 4 to 6 years. The majority of this breed is found in the United Kingdom.

5. Dutch Rabbit

A portrait of a Dutch Rabbit.

Dutch rabbits are recognized for their distinctive cut-off fur patterns, which abruptly change color from one color on the back to white on the front, with a two-color head. The Tri Colored Dutch is a new variety created in the United States. These rabbits are originally from England, despite their Dutch name.

This rabbit breed was once the most popular. This altered when dwarf rabbits were developed, but it remains one of the top ten most popular breeds in the world. Dutch rabbits are a fantastic choice for pets since they are generally peaceful, simple to manage, and train. It takes an average of 5-8 years to reach adulthood.

6. Californian Rabbits

In 1923, George West of California created the Californian Rabbit breed. His goal was to create a breed with “ideal” meat and a rich, appealing coat. By mixing a Himalayan white with Chinchillas and mating for five years, he developed a petite, chinchilla-colored male.

The Californian Rabbit was created after the buck was crossed with a few of West’s New Zealand rabbits to increase their size. West entrusted a couple of his stock to two reputable Southern California breeders, and the two worked together to improve the breed.

The Californian rabbit was initially presented as a breed in 1928, made its first appearance at an ARBA convention in 1932, and was recognized as a breed in 1939. Only the New Zealand white rabbits are more popular today than Californian rabbits.

7. English Lop

While some believe the English Lop originated in Africa, the exact location is unknown. By the mid-nineteenth century, however, a number of them had surfaced in England and were quickly transported to America via trade ships. Breeders used severe methods like waxing and expanding the ears of the English Lop to make them longer and more sensitive back then. Thankfully, this trend has come to an end, and no modern breeder would ever kill this adorable bunny just for the sake of appearances.

The English Lop is notable for its large, drooping ears on either side of its face. The ears should not point at the end and should be spherical. Their bodies are mandolin-shaped and have huge heads with wide-set eyes. Their front feet should not be bow-legged or bowed, and their tails should also be straight.

8. Mini Lop

A German Lop and a little Chinchilla rabbit were crossed in Germany to create the Mini Lop. Klein Widder, or “Little hanging ear,” acquired the name for the newly evolved breed. The Mini Lop has a distinctive appearance, combining the fluffiness and rounded appearance of a Chinchilla with the rabbit traits of a German Lop, thanks to the different parent breeds. These rabbits go by a variety of names besides Klein Widder, but no matter what you call them, they’ll melt your heart. Their disposition is as appealing as their soft and fluffy appearance.

A California breeder named Bob Herschbach saw this newly formed breed at a show in Essen, Germany, in the early 1970s, and brought a trio of them to the United States. He started breeding them and breeding them with Standard Chinchilla rabbits. The American Breeder’s Association (ARBA) received the first rabbit of this type under the name “Klein Widder,” but in 1974, the name was changed to Mini Lop. In 1980, a man named Herby Dyke was successful in having the Mini Lop admitted into the ARBA. Bunny lovers throughout the world have been looking for Mini Lops to fill the rabbit-sized holes in their hearts ever since. The Mini Lop’s “ascension to stardom” among show rabbit breeds was meteoric, and it quickly became a favorite of many.

9. Lionhead Rabbit

White Lionhead rabbit on grass.

The Lionhead Rabbit boast a lot of qualities that make it a great house pet, not just in appearance but also in personality. They’re also frequently seen at beauty pageants and exhibitions, where their good looks are admired. Even so, there’s a lot to learn about Lionhead Rabbits before you buy one. Here are some of the breed’s most important facts.

The Lionhead rabbit gets its name from the wool mane that wraps around its head, resembling that of a lion. They have a tall head mount, a compact body that should not weigh more than 3 1/2 pounds, and ears that are about 2-3 inches long. A Lionhead Rabbit’s head can be abnormally huge, with a well-developed muzzle, in contrast to their compact body. The mane draws attention to it, making it the breed’s most noticeable trait. Legs are normally average in size and proportionate. Instead of the typical round tip and large size, the Lionhead’s ears are slightly pointed at the top and will not exceed 3 inches in length.

10. Rex Rabbit

You should know that Rex Rabbits weren’t born yesterday! This is an iconic little rabbit with a fascinating past worth delving into. Breeders in the French commune called Louché-Pringé developed the Rex Rabbit in 1919 after being captivated by the wild rabbit’s magnificent and luxuriant fur. A litter of grey wild bunnies was used to create this gorgeous breed.

They were grown selectively into a domestic breed and displayed in a rabbit show that took place in Paris in 1924, when the Rex gene piqued breeders’ curiosity.

These rabbits were found in the wild at first, but their popularity skyrocketed and they became highly sought after as pets. The breed was imported to the United States the same year after its debut exhibition in Paris, and was presented by American breeder, named John C. Fehr and his associate Alfred Zimmerman. Soon after, the American Rabbit Breeder’s Association (ARBA) accepted the breed. Since then, it’s been a staple in the homes of bunny enthusiasts. To witness a Rex Rabbit in person is to fall head over heels in love with bunnies. You’ll need to get your hands on one right away, and you won’t be sorry.

11. Mini Rex Rabbit

The Rex fur gene was found in rabbits in the early 1900s in France. Shortly after, these rabbits were being bred globally. Their fame skyrocketed. The original Rex Rabbit breed was approved by the ARBA; these bunnies weigh about nine pounds, but demand grew for a smaller version. The Mini Rex Rabbit came into as a result. A rabbit with all of the Rex’s best traits squeezed into a small little furball.

Monna R. Berryhill created the Mini Rex breed by crossing a black Dwarf Rex buck with a small Lynx Red doe. The litter yielded seven kits, making it the first of its kind. The American Rabbit Breeders’ Association (ARBA) recognized the Mini Rex Rabbit as a new breed of rabbit in 1986, after Berryhill introduced it. The Mini Rex is a beloved pet among rabbit enthusiasts all around the world since then.

The Mini Rex could be the pet that shows for all time that size doesn’t matter. The beauty of these bunnies was not diminished by their little size. In reality, the reverse is true! The well-proportioned physique, luxuriant coat, and overall appealing appearance of Rex rabbits are well-known. The Mini Rex rabbit’s diminutive stature just adds to their charm. It’s everything that people loves about the Rex, crammed into a tiny package that’s even cuter in every way.

When fully grown, these rabbits are half the size of a regular Rex and weigh between three and five pounds. The females (does) are larger than the males (bucks) (males). The Mini Rex Rabbit is a small rabbit with a small physique. Their backs are rounded, and their shoulders, hindquarters, and midsections are well-developed. The body is well-filled, with a balanced depth and width. The legs are straight and short. The head is close to the shoulders and these rabbits have a short neck to give them a more compact appearance. The ears are quite thick and straight, measuring up to 3.5 inches in length. A stunning body that can only be regarded as a miniature bunny design masterpiece.

12. Holland Lop

The Governing Rabbit Council of the Netherlands approved this breed in 1964, and the American Rabbit Breeder’s Association in 1976. Since then, the magnificent Holland Lop has been a part of the lives of people all around the world.

The Holland Lop is a dwarf rabbit, meaning that when fully grown, it should weigh around four pounds. They have a short, broad body. As a result, these rabbits have a compact body form. They adopt a cat-like posture, resting primarily on their small legs and slightly on their front two feet. The head of the Holland Lop is broad, with a prominent puff of fur at the back known as the “crown.” The crown of the head should be thick, wide, and lifted above the shoulders.

While their stocky build and fluffy round head would be enough to make these bunnies adorable, it’s their floppy ears which make this breed district so appealing. The most renowned feature of the Holland Lop is its huge fur-covered ears that droop on each side of their head. The ears are well-furred and thick, with a teaspoon-like shape (rounded tips and wider from the bottom-end). The floppy ears that frame these rabbits’ lovely faces only add to their attraction to potential owners. You may anticipate these rabbits to worm their way into your heart at first sight because they were bred to be as cute as possible.

In the United States and around the world, the Holland Lop is among the most sought-after rabbit breeds. It’s not just their beautiful beauty that draws people in! The Holland Lop’s lovely demeanor will win you over. It’s easygoing, sweet, and friendly. These bunnies will return your affection and provide happiness to any home. That is not true of every rabbit breed, and it is one of the reasons why this particular breed has been so popular for years.

13. New Zealand Red Rabbit

Although the name suggests otherwise, the New Zealand Red rabbit is a native of the United States. These beautiful rabbits were first selected in 1910 in California as a commercial breed to be bred for their fur and meat. Thankfully, this is no longer the case: these beautiful red rabbits are now prized as pets.

The specific mix of breeds that gave birth to the New Zealand Red rabbit is unknown, but some experts believe the now-extinct Golden Fawn variety played a role in its development. Golden Fawns (Flemish Giant and Belgian Hare hybrids), according to the accounts, were crossed with Belgian Hares to acquire the outstanding ginger fur.

The British Rabbit Society considers the New Zealand Red rabbit to be a distinct breed, however the ARBA considers it to be a color variety of the New Zealand Rabbit breed.

The New Zealand Red rabbits are a huge breed that weighs between 6.5 and 10 pounds. Apart from the characteristic color of their coat, they are tough and heavily built, with a semi-arched body shape, which may be their principal difference from commercially manufactured New Zealand Rabbits. Their rounded skull and long, upright ears are in proportion to the rest of their body.

14. Blanc De Bouscat

The Blanc De Bouscat rabbit, formerly known as the Ermine rabbit, is native to France, notably the village of Bouscat in Gironde, hence the (updated) name. Mr. and Mrs. Dulon first developed this huge white rabbit in 1906, with the goal of creating a large-sized rabbit with frosted white hair and crimson eyes by crossing the Flemish Giant with the Champagne d’Argent and the French Angora rabbit. Although the Blanc De Bouscat was originally developed for its meat and fur, it is today one of the most popular pet rabbits in its native country.

The Blanc De Bouscat rabbit falls under the category of gigantic breeds, with a minimum weight of 13 pounds and no maximum weight. These rabbits’ height isn’t the only thing that stands out about them; they also have robust, muscular bodies and big, long ears with rounded tips that they constantly keep upright. They have a semi-arched body shape.

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