9 Pomegranate Varieties (Known Varieties of Pomegranate)

Pomegranate fruit on a wooden platform.

Pomegranates are a very old fruit that has long been associated with wealth and prosperity. Pomegranates may be cultivated in USDA growth zones 8-10 and are prized for the juicy seeds inside the varied, colorful leathery skin. If you reside in one of these areas, you might be wondering which pomegranate tree kind is ideal for you.

History of Pomegranates

Pomegranates were a sign of an unbreakable marriage in Greek mythology when Hades took Persephone. Pomegranates are also thought to be offered to Demeter (Goddess) in exchange for bountiful land.

Thanks to cultivators like Gregory Levin, pomegranates have now become a well-known fruit, who maintained the fruit’s biodiversity. Levin is a botanist who spent his life and worked in Turkmenistan in a distant Soviet agricultural unit. By travelling to Trans-Caucasus and Asia, he was able to collect 1,117 surviving pomegranate varieties.

The inside of the pomegranate fruit is made up of numerous seeds called arils. They’re edible and are high in vitamins, fiber, minerals and bioactive plant components.

Because of the sugar concentration, pomegranates have a sweet-tart flavor. Pomegranate juice is made from fruits, which is reduced or concentrated and sweetened to taste.

Angel Pomegranate

If you’re seeking the most well-known pomegranate variety on the market, look for the red angel type. Its bright red fruit matures at summer’s end to early fall, with less pulp and more pomegranate juice than other varieties. These types’ pomegranate seeds are tender enough to consume fresh and raw.

The red angel pomegranate tree has beautiful, big, bright orange-red flowers and an upright growth habit. Its outer peel also contains more antioxidants, such as vitamin C.

Ambrosia

Its plant can potentially develop into something of a shrub that has lovely ornamental characteristics. It can also withstand a high yield, which is ideal if you plan to plant it in your home’s garden. On the other hand, fruit trees are not just decorative in your home; their fruits are also tasty, with a sweet and tangy flavor.

Pomegranates Desertnyi

Don’t be fooled by the name: this Turkmenistan-based variant of pomegranate is named after the Turkmen word for dessert, not the desert, and believe us when we say that the extra’s makes a huge difference.

With a distinct flavor and aroma that mixes the usual taste of pomegranate with citrus, this variety is appropriately named after the infamously wonderful dinner. It’s even claimed that as the fruit ripens, it tastes a little like orange juice!

Sweet Pomegranate

The sweet pomegranate tree is a deciduous tree that produces spherical, delicious-tasting fruits. Its moniker isn’t just a gimmick; it also describes the taste.

It generally contains juicy hot pink colored arils that make a great juice. One can plant this near their house in a sunny spot and watch it grow into a beautiful tree.

Velvet Pomegranate

Since it has large amounts of acid, this form of pomegranate has a very deep crimson color (some say it looks like crushed velvet), as well as a notably strong bite.

Still, the arils of the Sharp Velvet are far from being inedible; in fact, several consider them to be among the best-tasting pomegranates.

Pink Satin Pomegranate

Pink Sating, which is also called Sin Pepe, can range in sizes from medium to large, with a medium pinkish to deep red skin color. Satin has pale pink arils. These are medium to huge in size. They have quite a fruit punch flavor and are sweet.

Pink satin is a robust shrub or tree that can be planted. The fruit can be consumed raw or made into a juice.

Pomegranate Parfianka

Short pomegranate bushes provide gorgeous red fruits with little red arils in Parfianka variety. It has juicy seeds that are quite flavorful. They taste fantastic when juiced or eaten fresh.

The tree can produce large crops, which is beneficial if you plan to use this kind on your farm.

Kara Gul

The fruit of the Kara Gul tree is dark crimson and medium to large in size. Its arils are dark in color and have a moderately firm texture. This variety comes from the Arab world and has a sweet and sour flavor. This is also the darkest variety of pomegranates.

Its tree can tolerate both cold and heat, making it ideal for planting in any environment. This particular tree is described as small and deciduous.

Pomegranate Bonsai

Pomegranate bonsai tree on top of a table.

Pomegranates arrived in Japan via the silk trade and have long been prized as a bonsai tree. In addition to the brightly colored blossoms and fruit, their naturally winding trunks give them a gnarled and aged aspect prized in bonsai. They have a lifespan of 200 years! Punica ‘Nana’ is another excellent bonsai option.

Keep it outside for as long as necessary, and then bring it inside when it gets cold. Pruning back to a few leaves after flowering is recommended. Pomegranates flower best when they are root-bound, so only transplant them every 3 or 4 years.

Pomegranates can be multi-trunked bushes or small trees if you live in a fruiting pomegranate-producing location. They come in various sizes ranging from 6′ to 8′ tall to 15′ tall or even more. They can also be grown as an espalier with a wall, which serves the dual benefit of keeping the tree warmer and confining it all to a pre-determined area if the wall is facing south or west and gets a lot of sun.

Caring

Watering and Fertilizing Pomegranates

Pomegranates aren’t picky. They’ll thrive in just about any quality, well-drained soil. They are low-maintenance and drought-tolerant once planted. This makes sense given their origins in the Middle East’s arid climates.

It’s critical to keep your pomegranate well-watered throughout the first year as the roots develop themselves. It still requires appropriate irrigation once grown for a good fruit set, particularly during a dry spell.

During the first year, don’t fertilize. The following year, fertilize with a triple 10-10-10 (equal ratios Potassium, Phosphorus, and Nitrogen) fertilizer, applying it in three stages: late December to springtime and late spring, and early autumn.

When it comes to fertilizer with pomegranates, though, less is more. Too much fertilizer (especially nitrogen) can result in excessive leaf growth, which divers focus from crop yield.

Form and Trimming of Pomegranates In the Landscape

For the first year, pomegranates must establish themselves in the ground. You can start pruning or training it in the second year or when it’s around 3′ to 4′ tall.

As previously mentioned, they can be multi-trunked shrubs or small trees with sizes ranging from 6′ to 8′ kinds to 15′ tall or more. It’s also possible to trim them like an espalier against the wall.

Decide if you want it to be a multi-shrub or a little tree in the landscape. Pomegranates are multi-trunked if left to their own devices. On the other hand, Pomegranate trees have magnificent trunks that resemble old olive trees since their trunks or branches are inherently twisted.

Don’t worry if you’re undecided; you can’t go wrong because professional growers haven’t decided whether to grow it as a shrub or a tree for optimal fruit output and how they prune and grow is often dependent on climate and area.

SHRUB – Keep it to 3 to 6 branches if you want a shrub. If it doesn’t have that many yet, wait till it produces a few more suckers (new branches), but only a certain number. Pomegranates will devote their energy to generating suckers rather than fruit if they are allowed to sucker freely.

TREE – Wait until your pomegranate tree is around 3′ to 4′ tall before planting it. Choose the strongest branch and prune the others to the ground.

Because pruning stimulates the development and you don’t want new growth to be frost-damaged, the optimal time to prune is late winter or early spring, before the buds form but after the risk of frost has passed.

Throughout the growing season, you can cut out suckers and other problematic branches as they arise. Once the tree or shrub shape has been established, it should only require light annual trimming if properly managed.

Warning! Pomegranates have a lot of thorns on them. They’re wickedly long and narrow, and they may pierce with shocking pain, so be careful how you handle your plant!

Harvesting Pomegranate Fruit

It’s unlikely that your pomegranate will bear fruit until it’s around three years old. Some ripen as early as August, but the majority ripens between September and October.

Use pruners to trim the branch just above the fruit attachment after it has turned a deep red color. (Again, be wary of the thorns!) Pulling them off exposes the fruit, which causes a wound and causes it to deteriorate faster than it would otherwise (this is true of any fruit).

Pomegranates can hang persistently on the tree for a long time; the issue arises when exposed to rain. They split open due to the water intake, exposing the fruit, which can then mold. So, in my experience, it’s fine to leave them “hanging on the vine” until the rain comes, but once it does, harvest them.

Pomegranates last for a long time on the counter. However, it can be kept in the refrigerator for up to seven months.

Conclusion

Which of these fruit trees and kinds do you prefer? Have you had a chance to try any of them yet? Why not have a look at the abundance of these fruits in your area? They aren’t around throughout the year!

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