16 Kiwifruit Varieties (Different Varieties of Kiwi Fruit)

A whole and a sliced kiwi fruit, close up shot.

The kiwi fruit comes in about 50 different varieties. The kinds you may want to grow in your garden will rely upon your location and available area. Some vines can reach a height of 40 feet (12 meters), necessitating a lot of trellising and room.

Hairless, fuzz, hardy, and arctic are the four species cultivated for gardens (Actinidia chinensis). Each one has its own set of features, such as frost tolerance and flavor. Pick your kiwi plant varieties according to your locality, as well as your preferences for flavor and size.

The Kiwifruit: A Brief History

The origins of the Kiwifruit can be traced from Asia. Northern China is where Kiwifruit was discovered. The Kiwi is a plant that belongs to Actinidia. The plant was exported approximately after 300 years it had been discovered in China. The fruit has become quite popular, and it is now grown in many nations.

Actinidia Chinensis is the scientific name for the Chinese Kiwi. This Kiwi’s exterior is often smooth and devoid of the hair fruit enthusiasts may expect seeing. This category includes the four most common kiwi varieties. There are three sub-categories of yellow pulp: yellow-green pulp, green pulp, and yellow pulp.

Actinidia Deliciosa Kiwis are native to New Zealand. This type also has the infamous hairy skin that you’re probably accustomed to seeing.   Kiwifruit is the bigger one and usually can last longer compared to the other. The Hayward Kiwi is perhaps the most renowned amongst the kiwi varieties found in New Zealand.

Kiwi plants are divided into female and male varieties. Female and male plants exist on all of the kiwi vines, regardless of the species. Only the female plants of the Kiwi produce fruit. Female vines produce female blossoms, whereas male vines produce male flowers. For pollination, male plants are still required.

Male kiwifruit vines produce more flowers, whereas female kiwi vine blossoms are twice as large and have pistils in the middle for pollen. You must have a single male for eight female kiwis to pollinate. This rule does have one exception. Blake, a kiwi plant that is self-fertile, does not require cross-pollination.

The Different Type of Kiwifruits

Fuzzy Kiwis

A close up shot of Fuzzy kiwi fruit variety.

Fuzzy Kiwi Hayward is by far the most prevalent Kiwi in supermarkets. But it’s only hardy in moderate winter climates. Another popular variety of fuzzy kiwi vine to try is meander. Saanichton 12 is a hardier cultivar than Hayward; however, the fruit’s center is extremely rough.

Both of these plants require pollination from a male, and there are several available that would make good companions. Blake is a little oval fruiting vine that self-fruits.

Although it is a strong plant, the fruits do not have the same flavor as Hayward or Saanichton 12. Actinidia chinensis is a hairless kiwi fruit that is closely linked to fuzzy varieties. A. Chinensis also goes by the names Tropical, Arctic Beauty, and Pavlovskaya.

Arctic Kiwis

A group of Arctic kiwis on a white background.

The artic kiwifruit – the hardest Kiwi of all – is even more resilient than the hardy Kiwi. (Please accept our apologies, Karl Urban!)

Because it takes so much energy to develop at all under such frigid temperatures, the fruits on these wood vines must be sparser and smaller than their more warm-blooded siblings. However, the kiwis that do bloom are typically considered to be among the sweetest kiwis available.

Arctic kiwis have beautiful pink and white leaves that stand out in their wintry environs as a hint of warmth.

The Krupnopladnaya varietal, and the Pautske cultivar, are two of the most popular varieties of arctic kiwis.

Golden (Glossy) Kiwi

Actinidia chinensis, popularly known as the golden (glossy) Kiwi. It is a relative of the green Kiwifruit. On the exterior, it has less hair, which gives it a smooth appearance. The skin has a golden brown tint on the exterior. There are fewer seeds, and the pulp is a beautiful golden color.

On the exterior, it has a little core. The golden Kiwifruit, also known as the gold Kiwifruit, has a tropical flavor that tastes like a cross between a mango and a strawberry. People prefer to pick up this gold kiwi and consume it just like you would eat an apple since it has no hair exterior.

Green kiwis are softer than golden kiwis. Some people may find the golden (glossy) Kiwi mushy, although it has always had a ripe flavor and is simpler to chew. From May until January, the golden fruits are in season.

Anananzaya Kiwi

Anna, or Actinidia arguta in Latin, is another name for this Kiwi. The skin of this Kiwi ranges from purple-red to green skin which gives it a pleasant aroma. It has a very sweet flavor. This Kiwi will bloom in almost any soil and prefers both full sun and light shade. The Kiwi in this form can weigh up to half an ounce, and they are dependable and simple to grow.

Silver Vine Kiwis

These species of kiwifruits are instinctual climbers, preferring the mountainous parts of Japan and China over the warm tropics of New Zealand. It’s only fitting that they’re given the name for their ladder-like branches.

The fruits themselves are more acorn-shaped than ordinary kiwi eggs, but they taste just as sweet and wonderful. They’re utilized for everything from their buds, leaves, and their flesh. Their buds are used to make teas and medicinal powders in some parts of Asia.

Kiwi Berries

A group of Kiwi berries on a black dish.

These kiwis, which are technically a hybrid between an arctic kiwi and hardy strain, are for everyone who wished these small fruits to be cuter.

Kiwi berries are more like grapes than kiwis since they grow in identical clusters off their vines without the brown exterior and fuzz that distinguishes the fruit.

Conversely, the skin is thin, silky, and green, with a burst of super sweet juice when you bite into it.

They’ve earned a few nicknames due to their size and flavour, namely the grape kiwi, the dessert kiwi, and the baby kiwi.

Dumbarton Kiwi

Actinidia arguta is this Kiwi’s Latin name. The Dumbarton Kiwi is a one-of-a-kind kiwi with ribbed pale green skin that resembles a small pumpkin. They also have a delectable, sweet flavor.

Medium-sized kiwi is usually present. The vines on the Dumbarton kiwi grow swiftly. This Kiwi’s skin is smooth since it lacks the fuzzy hair you might expect from a kiwi. They’re similar to grapes since you can eat them whole.

The Kiwi in this variation are sweet and easier to consume. The vines are smooth as well, and they require support to grow in the right way.

Michigan Kiwi

This resilient kiwi cultivar is recognized for producing a huge, delicious fruit. This Kiwi can be up to 1 ounce in weight. This Kiwi’s fruit is lime green in hue. Since it can reach a height of 12 to 10 feet when fully grown, this plant will require space to spread.

Kiwi Arctic Beauty

Actinidia kolomikta is Arctic’s Beauty kiwi’s latin name. The Arctic’s Beauty is a kiwifruit variety that can withstand frigid temperatures. It can withstand the coldest conditions. Resilient, the Arctic’s Beauty has pink and white attractive leaves.

Smaller than most kiwi cultivars,  Arctic’s Beauty’s fruits have a delectable and sweet flavor. In almost any soil, the Arctic’s Beauty kiwi bears fruit. They require a male plant to pollinate to yield fruit. They require a lot of water, a lot of sunlight, and a lot of training.

In spring, the leaves of this Kiwi are green, but they become pink and white at the tips

Hayward’s Kiwi

Hayward’s Kiwi is perhaps the most widely available amongst the green kiwi varieties. It has a more rounded shape than many other kiwi varieties. On the exterior, it has a substantial amount of hair. The flesh has a white core and is green in color.

Of all the fuzzy kiwi kinds, Hayward’s Kiwifruit is thought to be delicious and easiest to eat. It’s a lot gentler than the others. It is possible to eat the skin because it is thin.

Vera’s Pride Silver Vine Kiwi

The fruit of Vera’s Pride Silver Vine Kiwi is big and light orange in hue. It has a pleasant sweetness to it. It features a huge, white female flower that has a lovely aroma. To pollinate, it must be partnered with the Pavel Male Silver Vine.

Hot Pepper Silver Vine Kiwi

The Hot Pepper Silver Vine Kiwi is unusual in that it looks like pepper and tastes slightly fiery but sweet. The flavor has been compared to that of mild chili pepper. This Kiwi was created in Russia for the first time. To pollinate, it must be partnered with the Pavel Male Silver Vine.

Pavel Male Silver Vine Kiwi

Since it is a male vine, the Kiwi does not grow and produce. It does, although, produce a large white male flower with a strong scent. It’s perfect for pollination of the Vera’s Pride Silver Vine and the Hot Pepper Silver Vine.

Mao Hua Kiwi

On the exterior, the Mao Hua Kiwi features green flesh and flowing hair. Green and delicious, the flesh is edible. The leaf is thick and oval. This Kiwi can be utilized in a variety of ways. It is frequently split in half and consumed. It can be sliced into quarters, diced, or quartered. It’s commonly used as a meat tenderizer and in stir-fries.

Vincent’s Kiwi

The Vincent’s Kiwi is a huge egg-shaped fruit with a sweet flavor. Vincent is a woman’s vine. The kiwihas a slight strawberry flavor. It ripens during October and grows best in warmer areas. The flowers are white, and the leaves are shaped like a heart.

Purple-Reddish Kiwi

Actinidia melanandra is Purple-Reddish Kiwi’s latin name. This plant is only found in three Chinese provinces. Hubei, Yunnan, and Sichuan are among them. The fuzzy purple skin of the fruit is distinctive. It can be eaten but it isn’t commercially grown. It has a very limited shelf life.

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