6 Java Plum Varieties

This is a cluster of ripe and fresh java plum attached to the tree.

Java Plum, also known as Jamun, Jambolana, Jambu, and Black Plum, and Syzygium cumini Skeels, is an evergreen tropical fruit that is a member of the Myrtaceae family. It is native to Indonesia and Malaysia. Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka are the countries where it originated.

The hardiness of the plant and the high yielding potential of the crop have recently elevated it to the status of an important arid zone horticulture crop. In terms of nutritional value, the Java Plum is extremely high quality.

Aside from the usual constituents such as minerals, sugar, proteins, pigments, and so on, it is an excellent source of iron. Java plum is a miracle fruit with a great deal of medicinal value and can be used to treat various diseases such as diabetes, polyurea, diarrhea, and renal stones.

The majority of Java Plum trees can be found scattered throughout the world.


When it comes to improved varieties of Java plum, many improved varieties of Java plum have been developed throughout.

1. Raja Java plum 

In India, this particular variety of Java plum is more popular. The fruits of this variety are large and oblong, and they are a dark purple color. The kernels found in its fruits are of small size due to the nature of the fruit. After ripening, the fruits become sweet and juicy in taste.

2. CISH J – 45

The Central for Sub-Tropical Horticulture in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, was responsible for developing this variety. It is not possible to find seeds in the fruit of this variety. The fruits of this variety are oval in shape and have a normal thickness. After ripening, the color of the fruit changes to a dark blue and black hue. The fruits of this variety have a juicy texture and a sweet flavor.

3. CISH J – 37 

Its fruits are a deep black in color and have a firm texture when they ripen during the rainy season. The kernels in its fruits are of small size compared to other varieties.

4. Story

The fruits of this variety are small in comparison to other varieties. They are deep purple in color. The amount of pulp present in the fruits of this variety is significant, which has a sour taste to it. The fruits of this plant have a berry-like shape too.

5. Priyanka Goma 

The Central Horticulture Experiment Center in Godhra, Gujarat, was responsible for the development of this variety. The fruits of this variety have a pleasant sweetness to them. After eating, you will notice a bitter taste in your mouth. The amount of pulp found in its fruits is significant. Fruits of this variety are ready for harvest when they have finished ripening during the rainy season.

6. Bhado

The fruits of this variety are of a typical size for the species. The color of this Java Plum is deep purple. Plants of this variety are well-known for producing fruit late in the season. This tree bears fruit after it has gone through its harvesting season in August. The flavor of the fruits from this variety is slightly sweet, with a hint of sourness.

Aside from the species mentioned above, numerous other varieties are grown in various parts of the world and produce high yields. Different varieties include Narendra 6, Konkan Bhadoli, Badam, Jatthi, and Rajendra 1.

Health Benefits of Java Plum

Known scientifically as Syzygium cumini, the Java plum tree has 100 years and provides numerous health benefits. During the peak summer months, the tree produces edible fruit.

The Java plum fruit is widely popular throughout South Asia. The Java plum tree gets ready in 6 to 10 years, after which fruit harvesting can begin.

Nutritional Information for Java Plum

The astringent-tasting fruit known as black plum is a low-fat source of nutrition. It contains a significant amount of water in its ripe form, about 84 percent of the total.

Java plum fruit contains approximately 14 grams of carbohydrates and 60 kcal of energy per 100 grams of fruit consumed.

It also contains approximately 12 milligrams of calcium, 26 milligrams of sodium, 55 milligrams of potassium, and 2 milligrams of iron.

Java plum benefits include a high concentration of vitamins as well.

Java Plum Has Several Advantages for Women

The Syzygium cumini plant is beneficial for women’s health. Females can become stronger and more energized by eating fruit, which contains the nutrients they require.

It also aids in the management of blood loss during menstruation. You can also test this out next time you get your period to see if it helps relieve period cramps more quickly.

Furthermore, because of its high fiber content, it improves digestion. Some of these advantages are discussed in greater detail below.

It Is Used to Treat the Effects of Diabetes

The Java plum fruit helps overcome the negative side-effects of diabetes. It helps people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes manage their condition. It increases insulin activity as well as insulin sensitivity.

This summer fruit is well-known for helping people with diabetes manage their symptoms, including thirst and urination that go beyond normal levels.

Blood sugar levels can be controlled with the help of the powdered seeds of the Java plum. Java plum seeds have alkaloids, which help convert the fruit’s starch into usable calories.

Dried Java plum seeds can be taken with water or mildly warm milk before meals. Diabetes in females can be effectively treated with this medication.

It Helps to Raise Hemoglobin Levels

This fruit is excellent for people with anemia as it supplements the lost iron in the body.

It helps purify blood during the healing process. It is possible to restore a normal red blood cell count by consuming Java plum in moderation. Consequently, it contributes to increasing and maintaining hemoglobin levels in the body.

This fruit is suitable for consumption during periods. It helps to prevent excessive loss of blood in pregnant women.

It Is Used to Treat Skin Conditions

The vitamin A and C content of the black plum is high. Being gentle on the skin, it is found in a wide range of cosmetic formulations.

It aids in the reduction of skin discoloration. The Java plum fruit contains compounds that help manage vitiligo by increasing melanin in the skin.

You can supplement this by exfoliating your skin with loofahs or bath exfoliators for a smoother complexion.

Apply a ground paste of Java plum fruit seeds to acne marks and pimples as a face pack; it is found to reduce their appearance.

Applying fresh Java plum juice after using the face pack is a must. It significantly reduces spots and oil secreted by the skin.

Drinking Java plum juice regularly will also give you glowing skin. You can also learn about the skin-friendly properties of ghee.

It Helps Make Teeth and Gum Strong

The twig of the Java plum tree is used to treat mouth ulcers. It helps to remove toxins in the oral cavity.

Powdered Java plum seeds and bark from the Java plum tree are used for improving oral health. These are high in antioxidants such as Vitamin A and C

, and gargling with their powder can rid the body of toxins.

It Is Beneficial to One’s Heart Health

Java plum juice is known for being effective in lowering bad cholesterol.

The Java plum fruit contains a high concentration of antioxidants, which helps to reduce oxidative stress. This decreases the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease. It also aids in the regulation of blood pressure levels, which ultimately helps keep the heart healthy.

Java plum can be eaten as is as dessert after meals or whenever it is desired as long as it is fresh.

For good health, take less than half a cup of freshly squeezed Java plum juice after your first meal of the day.

After lunch and dinner, take half-tablespoon powdered Java plum seeds mixed with honey or water.

Precautions to Take Before Consuming Java Plums

  • Don’t leave the powdered Java plum seeds to face pack on your face for more than a few minutes, or your face will turn purple.
  • Black plum has been shown to lower blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, you should monitor your blood sugar levels before and after consuming the food.
  • The consumption of Java plum should be avoided for at least two weeks before and after any surgical procedure.

Click here for more: Plum Varieties | Do Plums Have Seeds Inside | Do Plums Stain Clothes | Plum Jam Brands | How to Store Plums

The Final Thought

Every fruit has its benefits, and similarly, java plums do too. That is why it is important to know everything about it before eating it in large amounts; everything in excess is unhealthy.

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