Guava fruit trees are enormous. With the appropriate conditions, they are not difficult to grow. This tree may give shade, gorgeous foliage and blooms, and, of course, delectable tropical fruits in warmer areas. If you have the correct temperature and garden space, all you need to do now is learn about the various guava tree species before purchasing.
Why Do People Love Guavas?
Guava is useful in creating processed products such as jams, jellies, and nectar for a variety of reasons, including its excellent taste. Guava’s flavor may be enjoyed even when the fruit is not in the season by putting it into numerous delicacies.
With its gorgeous purplish-red color, nice taste, and enticing perfume, Guava jelly is something you’d enjoy eating. Juice, cakes, puddings, sauces, ice creams, jams, and jellies can all benefit from the puree.
If you prefer whole fruits, guavas can be canned up into sections or quarters, with or without the seed core, if desired (shells). You may make a high-quality salad out of the shells of ripe fruits and eat it at any time.
The color of the center on guava fruits is frequently used to classify them. Because the composition of these guava cultivars varies, they require different procedures. If you want a more flavorful dish, check out the list below, including several distinct guava kinds.
Health-Related Advantages of Guavas
Guavas, as previously said, are high in Vitamin C, dietary fiber, and folic acid content. Phytochemicals such as carotenoids and polyphenols can also be found in the leaves. Linoleic acid, copper, zinc, beta carotene, Vitamin C, and Vitamin A are all found in the seed oil of the guava. The fruit, as well as the leaves, are beneficial to the skin. They can help you lose weight, strengthen your digestive system, increase your immunity, soothe period cramps, manage your blood sugar, and lower your risk of illnesses like cancer and heart disease.
Guavas are now an essential fruit for a variety of reasons, including their health advantages. Guavas come in more than 30 different types, which are grown in different parts of the world. Here are some of the Guava types to consider for your home garden. Keep reading this article for more information.
It’s a high-yielding reddish guava variety developed by the Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture in Lucknow for commercial development in its guava-growing zones. The fruit is a golden yellow color with a red tinge.
It is appropriate for both table service and processing. The jam made with this mixture has a superior flavor and a more pleasing look. The yield per tree is 100 kg.
This guava cultivar is also from a distinct species, yet it yields guava fruit. It is native to eastern Brazil and thrives in subtropical climates. The tree is not as tall as a typical guava tree. The lemon guava is equally tiny in size, with a diameter of three to five centimeters.
The tree produces white flowers, and the fruit is yellow in hue, with yellow meat. The flavor of this species is comparable to that of lemon and guava. It can be eaten both raw and cooked. Smoothies, frozen desserts, and tropical fruit salads all use this cultivar as an ingredient.
The peels of this guava species are yellowish-green, with creamy white flesh. White flowers with fluffy filaments and a delicious aroma emerge on the tropical white guava tree. Guava trees can grow to a mature height of 15-30 feet, but they can begin fruiting as early as one year of age. This guava thrives in subtropical climates and prefers soil with medium moisture content.
The tree, on the other hand, can adapt to a variety of soil types. As a result, the tree can withstand severe drought, but it would benefit from some hydration to avoid leaf wilting. It originated in Southern Mexico and has since spread to Hong Kong, Hawaii, Africa, India, Asia, Southeast Asia, and the tropical parts of the Pacific Ocean.
Strawberry guava is classed as Psidium cattleianum, which is a distinct species. Cattley guava is another name for it. It is a member of the Myrtaceae family. Guavas are native to Brazil and were introduced to Hawaii in the early 1800s.
This guava has a distinct strawberry flavor that makes it enjoyable to eat. This guava has reddish or pink flesh. The fruit is also crimson in color. Strawberry guava is mostly found in the summer, but it can be found all year in tropical areas.
Lemon guava is a guava species related to strawberry guava. On the other hand, this guava is a golden fruit with golden flesh and a distinct flavor. It tastes like a blend of lime and guava. Guava is a Brazilian native that thrives in the subtropics.
The lemon guava is a tiny fruit with a diameter of three to five centimeters. White blooms bloom on the tree. Lemon guava is a fruit that can be either raw or cooked. Frozen sweets, milkshakes, and fresh fruit salads all include it.
These guavas are a guava cultivar that produces oblong to egg-shaped fruits. Pineapple guavas are green to yellow-green, with a red or orange blush on occasion. Even before it is fully mature, this fruit has a strong scent.
The flesh is rich, milky white, granular, and watery, with a pear-like texture. This flesh encloses very little oblong edible seeds that are surrounded by a translucent core pulp.
Pineapple guavas are noted for their intense tropical flavor, including guava, pineapple and strawberry. Jams and jellies are made with it.
Yellow Cherry Guavas
Fruit trees that yield Yellow Cherry Guavas are hardy and low-maintenance. They are little fruits that are best eaten raw or preserved as guava goods. Because of its size and growth habit, it can often be utilized as a hedge plant.
The fruits from the Guava tree are delicious and juicy, with little edible seeds, and are best eaten when they become ripe, right off the plant.
Sweet Indonesian Guava
Psidium guajava (sweet white Indonesian guava) is a prolific guava tree native to Indonesia. The tree bears huge, spherical fruits with a yellowish-green peel and pink cream flesh. To allow the tree to grow slowly, a light pruning is recommended. This is also to create strong roots for the tree to sustain the additional weight of the fruits and enough air circulation.
The seedless guava cultivar from Indonesia blooms on an evergreen shrub that can reach a height of 9 to 32.9 feet. The bark is smooth and greenish-brown or even reddish-brown. They can be circular, oval, or piriform and have no defined shape.
When ripe, most such guavas have a delicate lime-green peel that is completely edible. Guavas with seeded flesh are less fragrant and sweeter than those with crisp white flesh. As a result, it has peach, passion fruit, lime zest, and rose flavors.
The guava variety Ruby Supreme yields baseball-sized fruit. When fully ripe, they turn golden and have highly aromatic, sweet, and pink flesh. It can be consumed raw or transformed into jam or juice.
Surprisingly, this guava cultivar blooms and bears fruit year-round in 60-90-day cycles. Fruit is produced in proportion to the amount of sun and temperature they receive. The annual production is between 40 and 70 pounds of fruit.
Thai Maroon Guava
Thai guavas are a unique guava cultivar with a fruit that is the size of a softball and rough to smooth apple green skin. Thai Maroon Guavas have white flesh with golden yellow seeds and are drier than their pink counterparts.
These guavas are somewhat sweet and have a light scent. The meat is crunchy, and the seeds are firm when eaten.
Hong Kong Pink
The Hong Kong Guava is notable for producing large, spherical fruits that weigh 6 to 8 ounces. The fruit has a silky pink surface and a delicious taste, with only a few seeds inside. The tree produces a lot of fruit and has a spreading growth tendency.
It’s a pink pulp cultivar with medium-soft seeds and a fruit yield per plant of 200-220g. After twenty-four months of sowing, the crop will be ready to harvest.
These little fruits are commonly used to make preserved foods like jams and jellies, but they can also be consumed raw or juiced.
Giant Vietnamese Guava
The Giant Vietnamese/Bankok guava fruit is the biggest of all guava fruit kinds and is high in vitamins and nutrients. Many consider this guava a superfruit since it is used to manufacture the globally popular guava juice.
A guava tree is an excellent source of shade for hot gardens, but the fruit is also a terrific reason to grow one. Guava is a huge berry with many different colors and flavors. Guavas can be eaten raw or transformed into juice, jams, and jellies.
These guava types are not available everywhere, but give them a try if you get the chance. Until then, have a delicious meal and enjoy all the health-related benefits that come with guavas!