The most common waterfowl is the goose (plural geese). The bird is domesticated and utilized for a variety of purposes. In many cultures and stories, they are also regarded as pet birds. Geese may be found all across the world and are excellent buddies, guards, and lawnmowers.
They are primarily bred for meat and, on rare occasions, for specialty eggs for pure breed geese breeders and keepers. There are hundreds of different types of geese found all over the world. Not all geese are created equal.
Types of Goose
Goose is a type of waterfowl that differs from ducks in a number of ways. Except for the Chinese and African goose kinds, which were produced from the wild Greylag geese (Anseranser), all Goose types have been selectively bred from the wild Greylag goose
The big bump at the base of the bill distinguishes Chinese geese from European geese, though hybrids can have a wide range of characteristics. The following are some of the most prevalent goose breeds:
1. African Geese
The African Geese, sometimes known as the African Brown Goose, is a domestic goose that originated from the wild Swan Goose.
With a massive body nearly as wide as it is long, a thick neck, and a big knob attached to its forehead, the African Goose is a large and bulky bird (which requires several years to develop). From its lower jaw and upper neck hangs a crescent-shaped dewlap. As the bird grows older, the dewlap may become ragged in appearance.
It has a smooth, rounded abdomen with little or no fatty lobe development and iskeelless. The tail is pointed up and beautifully folded. The eyes are huge and situated deep in the face.
A mature gander (male) weighs about 22 pounds (10 kg), whereas a mature goose (female) weighs about 18 pounds (8 kg).
2. Embden Geese
In 1821, the first Embdens arrived in Boston, where they were initially known as “Bremens,” after the port of departure (Bremen in Northwest Germany).
With records reaching back over 200 years, this breed is one of the earliest domestic breeds. Because of its high development rate, big size (almost double the weight of the typical barnyard geese), and feathers, it is the most popular goose utilized for commercial meat production (double the feathers of the common barnyard goose).
The Embden is a town in the United Kingdom. Goose is the highest of all geese, reaching a height of nearly 3.3 feet (one meter). Embdens in the United Kingdom are often smaller and stockier than those on the continent. Ganders (males) weigh between 24 and 31 pounds (9-11 kg) while geese (females) weigh between 20 and 24 lbs. (9-11 kg) (11 – 14 kg).
3. Sebastopol Geese
The domestic goose breed Sebastopol is descended from the European Graylag. They were also known as Danubian geese, which was the favored term in nineteenth-century Britain.
A medium-sized goose with long, white curly feathers, the Sebastopol is a popular tourist attraction. Neck feathers are smooth and sometimes greyish-brown in color.
All-gray, buff, and saddleback variations have resulted via crossbreeding. Breast feathers can be curled (frizzle) or smooth.
The gander is 12-14 pounds, whereas the goose is 10-12 pounds. The eyes are vivid blue, while the legs and shanks are orange.
4. Bean Geese
The Bean Goose is a large to medium-sized goose that breeds in Asia and Northern Europe. It is migratory, spending the winter in Asia and Europe.
Scientific and English names of the water birdcome from the fact that it used to graze in bean fields in the winter.
Northern Sweden, Northern Norway, and northern Finland are home to these medium-sized darkish-brown geese with black and orange bills and orange legs.
Overwintering grounds include southern Scandinavia, the British Isles, the Netherlands, Germany, and the Mediterranean Sea.
The length is between 68 and 90 cm (27–36 inches), the wingspan is between 140 and 174 cm (55–69 inches), and the weight is between 1.7 and 4 kg (3.7-8.8 lbs.).
The bill is black from the base to the tip, with an orange band running through the middle; the legs and foot are similarly brilliant orange.
5. Pilgrim Geese
It originated in North America, and it was created in Missouri in the 1930s by Oscar Grow, a well-known waterfowl breeder. Adult ganders are predominantly white, with grey on the rump and grey traces on other portions of their body on rare occasions.
Adult geese are predominantly grey, with flecks of grey on their faces every now and then. This is a fast-growing breed, with ganders weighing 6.3 to 8.2 kg and gooses weighing 5.4 to 7.3 kg.
Adult males (ganders) are predominantly white with grey markings on the rump and traces of grey on other parts of their bodies, such as the wings and tail. Blue eyes are found in males.
Adult female geese have dove-grey plumage primarily with a few white flecks in their faces. Their plumage is a lighter grey than a Toulouse Goose’s, and the white feathering begins at the beak, occasionally forming white spectacles around the eyes. The eyes of females are dark brown.
6. American Buff
Buffs from the United States Goose is a goose breed that belongs to the Medium Class. The American Poultry Association first acknowledged it in 1947. Buff is the only variant that has been identified. Another variant, the Tufted American Buff, is currently being produced, but it has yet to be recognized.
The Greylag Goose of Europe and Asia was used to create this type of goose. It is a dual-purpose bird that produces both meat and eggs. They’re generally utilized by small farmers, and they’re known for being quiet and gentle.
7. Pomeranian Geese
The Pomeranian Goose is native to the German state of Pomerania. It is the only descendant of the European Greylagthat has a single-lobed paunch.
It comes in Grey and White in Europe, but the most popular and prevalent variant is the Saddleback, which comes in both Buff and Grey in the United States. This is a medium-sized goose breed with a fair size, hefty set. Ganders weigh between 17 and 18 pounds, while hens weigh around 15 pounds on average.
The Pomeranian is available in a wide range of colors and patterns. The Greys were once the most popular, but by the late twentieth century, the Saddleback (both Buff and Gray) had overtaken them. White, grey, saddleback buff or saddleback grey are the colors of German Pomeranians.
Saddleback Only Pomeranians can be found in North America. A saddleback’s head, back, and flanks are either buff or grey. A Pomeranian’s beak should be pinkish-red, his legs and feet should be reddish-orange, and his eyes should be blue.
Pomeranian geese have rounded bodies and somewhat flattened heads. They also have robust necks, prominent breasts, and stout necks. The paunch has only one lobe.
8. Chinese Geese
Domesticated geese descended from the wild Swan Goose are known as Chinese Goose. These domesticated Chinese Geese have been developed to be much bigger than their wild counterparts.
Males weigh between 11 and 22 pounds (5 and 10 kilograms), while females weigh between 8 and 22 pounds (4 – 9 kg). On the upper half of the bill, both men and females often have a well-developed basal knob, albeit the knob is more apparent in males than females.
This knob can be used to correctly distinguish the genders. Juveniles as young as 6 to 8 weeks old can be sexed. There are two types of Chinese geese: a brown variant that looks like a Swan Goose and a white version.
9. Tufted Roman
The Roman Tufted Goose is a relatively small decorative goose that looks similar to a small Embden goose but for one distinguishing feature: a small tuft of feathers on its head.
A Roman breed without the tuft exists, although it is extremely rare in North America. This is an ancient breed of chicken that can be traced back to its beginnings.
This goose was most likely bred in the Danube Valley. This type has a smaller bone structure and weighs between ten to twelve pounds. It has a little spike on top of its head, and its plumage is normally white. It has blue eyes, reddish-orange legs, and a pinkish bill with a white bean.
Males and females have similar appearances, though males may be significantly larger. To determine the gender, DNA sexing is recommended.
10. Canada Geese
The Canada Geese (Brantacanadensis), often known as Canadian Geese, are the most extensively dispersed geese in North America, with a range spanning the Arctic and temperate areas of the continent.
They can also be found in northern Europe, eastern Siberia’s Kamchatka Peninsula, eastern China, and Japan. In New Zealand, introduced populations have also established themselves.
This species has adapted well to life in cities and suburbs and can be found on lakes, ponds, and rivers.
The black head and neck, conspicuous white markings on the face, light tan to the cream chest, and generally brownish-grey plumage distinguish this huge goose.
They are excellent divers, swimmers, and fliers. The V-shaped flight formation of Canada Geese is well-known, with the front position rotated since flying in front uses the most energy. The loud honking cries made by big flocks of migrating Canada Geese flying above herald the shift into spring or autumn in Canada and other nesting regions.
11. Egyptian Geese
The Egyptian Gooseis a huge, unique waterbird with striking dark chocolate-brown eye patches. They are also called Nil Geese because of their origin – Africa’s Nile Valley.
These birds are good swimmers, but they prefer to stay on land, where they can be spotted on buildings and trees. In captivity, they have a maximum lifetime of 25 years.
The Egyptian Geese were regarded as sacred by the ancient Egyptians, and they appeared in a lot of their magnificent artwork. They can be found in a variety of grasslands, wetland habitats, and agricultural lands near rivers, lakes, dams,reservoirs, estuaries, marshes,sewage treatment plants, and, on rare occasions, offshore islands.
Egyptian Geese are between 25 and 29 inches long, including the tail. The top plumage is reddish-brown to gray-brown in color, with a distinguishing chocolate-brown patch on the lower breast. The flanks and abdomen are whiter.
12. Huoyan Geese
The Huoyan Goose evolved in China’s Liaoning region, in Changtu country. They feature orange shanks and beaks and are lighter in weight. The color of the feathers on the birds varies a lot.
The adult body weight of males is 4.0-4.5 kg, while females are 3.0-3.5 kg. The breed is known for its ability to use rough fodder well and its cold resistance.
13. Red-Breasted Geese
The European goose, the Red-breasted Goose (Brantaruficollis), has a moderately small and diminishing population. This species is currently classed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
The black, reddish-brown, and white plumage of the little Red-Breasted Geese is primarily black, with white patches between the eyes and the upper beak and characteristic reddish-brown bands on the side of the head that are bordered white. The neck and chest are brownish-red, with a thin white “necklace” and a blackish-brown abdomen. The “upper pants” are light in color. The wings have white bands on them.
The varieties of goose discussed above are most popular in America. If you’re fond of goose meat, then the varieties listed will be a great option for you.