Do Plums Come Back Every Year on the Tree?

Plum fruit shaded by the tree.

Have you considered planting plums in your backyard? Plums may be a prolific producer and a visual treat in your backyard if they’re planted in the appropriate area. In addition, they are great eaten raw or in preserves and desserts.

Some plum trees don’t provide fruit right away if you just planted them in your yard recently. For those reasons, you’re presumably curious about the ripening time of plum trees and whether or not you can encourage them along.

After 3 to 6 years of planting, a plum tree will begin to bear fruit. In the months of June and September, plum trees bear fruit, having bloomed in late winter or early spring. Dwarf cultivars might start bearing fruit a year earlier (2 to 5 years after planting). Plum trees increase their output as they mature and gain the necessary strength to support the additional weight.

Naturally, the time it takes for your plum tree to bear fruit will vary depending on the species you plant. Look at the flowers after the petals have fallen to see if the tree will bear ripe fruit.

It is in the base of the flower where the petals were that the ovary (which will eventually become the fruit) is placed. You want it to be huge and bulging.

When Does a Plum Tree Give Fruit?

After three to six years after planting, a plum tree bears fruit. Normally, plum trees are acquired from a nursery rather than raised from seed because they are already one to two years old when they are planted (stone).

When Do Dwarf Plum Trees Give Fruit?

After two to five years of growth, a dwarf plum tree bears fruit. Smaller plum trees may bear fruit a year earlier than their larger counterparts, according to the University of Vermont Extension. It has the disadvantage of not bearing as much fruit as a full-sized plum tree.

There are several reasons why you should choose a dwarf plum tree, including the ability to grow in a smaller space, having an easier-to-manage tree, and harvesting fruit earlier (1 year ahead of schedule if you’re lucky!).

Thinning Plum Trees and When to do it

Thinning plum trees is critical if you want to encourage an abundant fruit crop each year. Plum fruit thinning is necessary for three reasons. If there are fewer plums growing on the tree, the tree will produce larger, sweeter, and juicier plums.

The second problem is that the weight of too many ripening plums can cause the branches to split, leaving them vulnerable to the fungus that creates the silver leaf. Finally, plum trees don’t always bear fruit every year but only every other year. After producing such a large amount of fruit, the tree is simply exhausted and requires an additional season to regroup its nutrients before it can bear fruit again. Thinning the plums solves this issue and encourages the production of new fruit each year.

To maintain a fruit crop and make harvesting easier, young trees should be educated throughout their first two to three years to establish a branching system or canopy. Additionally, it offers a well-ventilated environment with maximum exposure to sunshine.

Having grown in full sunshine, robust flower buds produce large fruit. In the following years, dormant trees between the months of December and February are clipped, as are active trees between the months of May and August. Pruning plum trees is easier now that we know when to thin them.

What Month Do Plum Trees Produce Fruit?

When it comes to plum trees, they can bear fruit from June all the way through September. Late winter to early spring is when plum trees bloom with pink or white blooms. Depending on the kind, some plum trees will self-pollinate while others will need to be hand-pollinated. Keeping this in mind, self-pollination does not imply a guarantee of reproduction.

Do Plum Trees Give Fruit Every Year?

Plum trees don’t bear fruit all year round. When a plum tree doesn’t bear fruit, it’s usually because it hasn’t reached full maturity yet. Plum trees typically need three to six years to reach fruit-bearing maturity after planting. Plum trees of dwarf types may begin bearing fruit a year earlier than those of regular size.

Why a Plum Tree Might Not Be Producing Fruit

Fruit trees must be exposed to cold temperatures for a period of time known as dormancy before they can begin growing and producing fruit. Warm temperatures indicate the end of the dormant phase. If it’s too cold when the plum trees are in bloom, the blossoms will fall off too early, and the tree won’t bear fruit. Flowers will be killed if they are exposed to freezing temperatures before opening. You can’t have fruit if you don’t have flowers.

Plum trees will not provide fruit if insects eat the terminal ends, shoots, and blooms. Nitrogen fertilizer used in excess encourages foliage development at the expense of fruit production. In the absence of a co-pollinator, one of the most common causes of plum tree diseases occurs.

Plums do not bear fruit on their own; they require the pollen of another plum tree in the vicinity in order to transfer pollen. Pollinators like bees, moths, and other flying insects aid in this process as well. Prune at the incorrect time of year, and you’ll miss the flower and fruit buds.

There could be another difficulty with plum tree fruits if the tree does not flower at all. Inclement weather, a lack of cooling hours, or a young tree could all be to blame. An insect infestation or a disease on your plum tree could be responsible for flowering and subsequent fruit drop.

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