Do Plum Trees Need Full Sun?

A plum tree full of plums.

Picking fruit from a tree in your own backyard has a certain allure. The size of your garden should be taken into consideration when choosing trees. Regardless matter whether you live in the middle of the city or the suburbs, you can always find a method to create a lush outdoor environment full of fruitful plants, shrubs, and trees.

Choosing plum trees for your low-maintenance orchard makes sense because they require less care than other varieties. Unlike other low-maintenance fruit trees, they can thrive in a wide range of climates and are much more compact. Plums are a gorgeous and delicious stone fruit.

If you want to have a successful harvest, you’ll need to plant two plum trees, as most are not self-fertile. It’s critical to choose a plum tree variety that will thrive in your region before you plant it. Plums come in a variety of flavors, depending on where you live.

Is Full Sun Necessary for Plum Trees?

Plum trees need full sun exposure and somewhat well-drained soil. If you want to protect your plum trees from the damaging effects of frost, place them at the very top of your garden. Plum trees also thrive in regions that are protected from strong winds.

Best Climate for Growing Plum Trees

Many types of plum trees can survive harsh winters thanks to their hardiness. Some American hybrid plum varieties (such as the Alderwood plum) can tolerate temperatures as low as USDA hardiness zone 3, so if you live somewhere with cold winters, you might want to give one a try.

Choose between an American hybrid and European plum variety if you reside somewhere with relatively chilly winters. When it comes to winter hardiness, European plums like green gauge, Stanley, and damson plum can handle the cold in most parts of the United States.

In milder temperatures, Japanese varieties, such as Methley or Satsuma plums, thrive. If you live in a mild region, try planting a Japanese variety.

Growing Conditions for Plums

If you give plum trees what they need, growing them is not difficult. Plums do best when grown in full sun with well-drained sandy soil. They like soils that have a pH between 5.5 and 6.5 as their preferred range. The pH of your soil should be evaluated before planting any fruit trees since this will ensure that your tree will thrive.

Before planting, be sure to adjust your soil with the proper nutrients. Plum trees might be classified as European, Japanese, or Damson if you’re studying how to grow them.

You just need to plant one tree to get fruit from many of the European types. Most plum trees mature at a height of 16 feet (5 meters), or if they are a dwarf type, 14 feet (4 meters). Plant your plum tree in a sheltered spot if you live in a colder region because plum trees are vulnerable to late frost damage. Some people decorate their plum trees with little Christmas lights to keep them glowing in the early spring.

How to Take Care of Plum Trees

Due to the fact that they’re a low-maintenance fruit tree, there’s nothing special you need to do to ensure a plentiful supply of tasty fruit:

· Water

In the first year or two of your plum tree’s life, make sure to give it plenty of water on a low setting every week. A drip irrigation system will ensure that water reaches the roots of new trees, which will help them grow strong and deep roots. In order to ensure that established trees have enough water to endure the winter, water them consistently during the growing season and well into October.

· Prune

Pruning your plum tree using shears once during the growing season can keep it free of diseases and pests. For young trees, this should be done in early spring; for mature trees, this should be done around midsummer. Never prune your tree in the fall or winter since you’ll expose it to frost and infection.

While Japanese plum trees can get very large and dense, many home gardeners prefer an “open center” tree, which prunes the center branches almost completely while leaving several large branches extending outward from the tip. European and American hybrid plum trees require less pruning, and many home gardeners prefer a “central leader” tree, which has the same shape as a tall, skinny Christmas tree.

· Thin

Plum trees, if allowed to bear as much fruit as possible, may generate an abundance of fruit that causes their branches to break. To avoid this, thin your plums on a regular basis. Japanese plums should be three to four inches apart, whereas European and American plums should be two inches apart.

· Fertilize

Using an all-purpose fertilizer or aged compost helps plum trees thrive when applied once a year, early in spring. Fertilizing a plum tree after it has started bearing fruit is a bad idea since it will take energy from fruit production and make the tree more sensitive to the cold weather that will soon arrive.

· Pollinate

If your plum tree isn’t self-fertile and needs pollination from another nearby tree to bear fruit, it’s even more critical that you create an environment that’s friendly to pollinators like bees in your yard. When your plum trees are in bloom, don’t use insecticides on them.

Final Thoughts

Growing plum trees isn’t too hard if you do everything that is required for a quality yield. Follow the tips discussed above to ensure that your plum trees get the right amount of sun to thrive.

Find more like this: Do Plums And Strawberries Go Together | How Often Should I Water Plum Trees? How Much Water? | Do Plums Come Back Every Year on the Tree? | Can You Grill Plums? How? | Best Plum Substitutes

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