6 Coconut Varieties (The Most Common Coconuts)

Coconut, cut in half.

Coconut is a fruit from the Cocos Nucifera tropical tree, and contains just one seed. It is a member of the Arecaceae family and prefers a humid, warm environment. This palm tree is endemic to Malaysia and may be found across Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and the Pacific Islands.

Endocarp, exocarp, and mesocarp are the three layers of the fruit. Exocarp is the outermost layer, which is green and smooth. The coconut’s mesocarp is the center fleshy layer, while the endocarp is the hard, woody layer that surrounds the seed.

Coconut trees are divided into two categories: tall and dwarf. The tall reaches a height of 50-90 feet and bears fruit after 7-10 years. The dwarf, on the other hand, may reach a height of 20-60 feet and bear fruit after 4-5 years. Dwarf types survive for 40-50 years on average, but tall kinds may live for 90-100 years. In addition, tall kinds cross-pollinate, whereas dwarf types are self-pollinated.

There are also hybrid coconut types that combine the best of both worlds. The major hybrids are Tall x Dwarf (TxD) and Dwarf x Tall (DxT).

Coconuts: Brown vs. Green

Green and brown coconuts are the same thing; the only variation is their age. Green coconuts are young and not entirely ripe, while brown husk coconuts are fully grown and contain less water. Brown coconut flesh is used in cooking and may also be consumed raw. Green coconuts, on the other hand, are mostly utilized for their delicious water, which is consumed or used to make binakol. Coconut oil is produced from dried or brown coconuts and used in frying and cooking.

Different Kinds of Coconuts:

Tall Coconut from the West Coast

Each year, this towering coconut tree yields fruit after 6-7 years and produces 60-80 coconuts per palm. It is drought resistant, and the fruits vary in colour from green to yellow to orange to brown. The West coast tall coconut variety, also known as Common Tall Variety, thrives in a wide range of soil conditions. These palm plants thrive on sand from the coast as well as moist-tolerant soils. These take approximately 6-7 years to produce fruit and yield about 80 nuts or palms each year on average. They also produce a large quantity of coconut water or juice, which may be turned into juice later.

Tall Coconut from the East Coast

This coconut type bears fruit for 6 to 8 years and produces approximately 70 nuts per year. They grow well in red loamy soils and well-drained deep sandy loam soils, and they have 64% oil content.

Scale insects, mites, mealy bugs, and rhinoceros beetles are fairly tolerant of these plants.

Coconut Macapuno

Macapuno coconut, close up shot.

This dwarf mutant tree, popularly known as the “kopyor coconut,” is a dwarf mutant tree. It’s a naturally occurring mutant with soft, jelly-like meat caused by aberrant endosperm growth. This results in a “collapsed embryo,” which is an undernourished embryo.

Although the Macapuno coconut has almost the same nutritional value as a standard or ordinary coconut, its unique growth results in a shell with gelatinous coconut flesh and little to no liquid.

This type is not widely available in many places, but it is well-known in Asia, where it is highly valued as a sweet delicacy. It’s utilized to create a variety of pastries and sweets that are more expensive than the ones prepared with ordinary coconuts.

These coconuts have a solid yet soft texture, with a nice sweet, nutty flavor. They are an excellent nutritious source of food since they include a large quantity of protein and oils.

Dwarf from Fiji

Fiji dwarf coconut types are prized not just for their fruit and various by-products, but also for their attractive appearance in the landscape. They’re a tougher coconut type that’s frequently called “one tough nut.”

According to research, the Fiji dwarf coconut has the second greatest genetic diversity among all coconut types. Unlike many tall coconut types, they are disease resistant. They also have a distinct leaf structure that distinguishes them from other coconut species. Their leaflets are closer together, giving them a more lush and sumptuous appearance.

Coconut King

King coconut - A variety of coconut fruit.

This coconut tree type is endemic to Sri Lanka as well as small portions of India; it also grows a little shorter compared to most palm tree species. King coconuts reach a height of 20-20 meters and produce a cluster of approximately 20 nuts. They have an extended oval form and have a shape similar to that of a football. They’re around 20 to 30 centimeters long on average, with a vivid orange tinge to their skin.

This coconut type is available throughout the year and is typically picked after a period of 7-8 months. Their nut creates a moisturizing, cooling, and refreshing drink that is extremely sweet and delicious.

This coconut type has a high nutritional value, with high levels of vitamins, salt, amino acids, chloride, potassium, and phosphate. Surprisingly, the liquid within king coconuts contains a greater amount of calcium than an orange, while the potassium content of the coconut type exceeds that of a banana. In addition, these coconuts possess bioactive enzymes which assist digestion and help improve the body’s metabolism.

The milk and liquid contained inside the rinds of king coconuts are the main reasons for their existence.

Coconut Maypan

This coconut type is from Jamaica and is often referred to as a “sturdy coconut.” The Maypan coconut is a hybrid coconut variety that has been bred to be very resistant to Lethal Yellowing, a disease that affects a variety of palm species.

These coconuts have also been genetically modified to be a robust, cold-hardy palm that can withstand harsh growth circumstances.

The Maypan coconut palm is a medium to large-sized palm that grows to an average height of 15 to 20 meters. They thrive in climates with temperatures over 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

World’s Largest Coconut Producers

17.13 million metric tons – Indonesia

Indonesia is the world’s leading producer of coconuts. The province of North Sulawesi produces the bulk of the country’s coconuts. Many of Indonesia’s coconuts are shipped to other countries. Indonesia is also one of the world’s leading pineapple growers.

Philippines (14.77 million metric tons) is the second-largest exporter.

The Philippines is the second-largest producer of coconuts in the world. It was formerly the world’s biggest producer before Indonesia overtook it. Luzon, Southern Mindanao, and the Eastern Visayas are some of the country’s most important coconut-growing regions. Coconut farming accounts for almost a fifth of all farmland in the Philippines, according to estimates.

India comes in third with 14.68 million metric tons.

India is the world’s third-largest coconut grower. In 2016, the nation produced more than 119 million tons. Coconut production is very vital to India’s agricultural sector and economy as a whole, particularly in rural regions.

2.47 million metric tons – Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, an island nation, is the world’s fourth biggest producer of coconuts. Sri Lanka is second only to Brazil in terms of yearly production, at 2,513,000 tons. The warm, sunny environment of the nation is excellent for coconut cultivation.

2.33 million metric tons – Brazil

Brazil is the world’s fifth-largest coconut producer. Brazil produced more than 2 million tons of coconut in 2016. Although not as large as the Asian nations on this list, Brazil’s coconut output is increasing as demand for coconut products rises. Coconut production, like that of the other nations on this list, is a significant component of the country’s economy.

Coconut Fun Facts:

  • Coconuts are an ancient plant believed to have originated in the South Pacific, near what is now New Guinea. Coconuts were able to remain afloat in the ocean due to their water resistance. They may be found all across the Pacific, Indian Ocean, and African continents.
  • The coconut got its name from the sailors of Vasco de Gama’s ships. It was dubbed “Coco,” after a grimacing visage or a hobgoblin. They mistook the seed for a ghost because of its dark, hairy husk and three face-like dimples. When the “coco” arrived in England, the suffix “nut” was added, and the term was born.
  • Every year, 150 people are murdered by falling coconuts, which is ten times the number of people killed by sharks.
  • National Coconut Creme Pie Day is observed on May 8th.
  • Until soybean oil gained over in the 1960s, coconut oil was the world’s most popular vegetable oil.
  • Each year, more than 20 billion coconuts are produced.
  • Coconut water was used to provide emergency plasma transfusions to injured troops during the Pacific War, which lasted from 1941 to 1945.
  • MCTs, or medium-chain triglycerides, are found in coconut oils and are simple to digest. The oil is a source of energy and has a metabolism-speeding effect. Coconut oils are heart-healthy and beneficial.
  • Coconut oils also include four growth hormones known as cytokinins, as well as three sets of chromosomes known as triploids, which help many organisms develop. The “father of contemporary tissue culture science” is coconut water. Coconut is now being researched to determine whether it can be utilised in hair regrowth and anti-aging cosmetics.

Coconuts in the Future

Today’s leading coconut suppliers are trying to keep up with the global economy’s growing needs. Coconut has been a lucrative crop for decades, and despite strong competition from other vegetable oils, it seems like it will continue to be so in the future. Nonetheless, the world’s leading coconut producers must take note of the present situation and take measures to guarantee that their plantations are long-term viable and able to satisfy future demand.

Similar Posts