10 Breadfruit Varieties

These are multiple breadfruits fresh at the tree.

Only those with a warm garden will have access to the delicious and nutritious fruits of the breadfruit tree, which can only be found there. A wide variety of breadfruit varieties are available in your yard or garden is suitable for this tree. Different types of breadfruit can grow in your backyard due to their Pacific Island origins.

Breadfruit trees can naturally grow in warm climates like South Florida and the Caribbean. They can be grown for both food and decoration purposes. A breadfruit tree produces more food per acre than most plants. Potato-like cooking methods are available for the fruit. It is easy to grow a breadfruit tree because there are so many varieties to choose from.

There are two types of breadfruit – those that have seeds and those that don’t have seeds. There are also differences in the size of the fruit and when it ripens.

Breadfruit Subtypes

You can find a wide variety of breadfruit cultivars in the wild as well as those that have been cultivated by other gardeners. The National Tropical Botanical Garden in Hawaii is working to save hundreds of species from extinction through conservation efforts. Breadfruit can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes.

1. Aravei

This cultivar produces large, yellow-to-green colored fruits that are between 8 and 12 inches (10-30 cm)   long. Despite the fruit’s appearance, there are no hard spots on its skin. The flavor of the yellow pulp is well-known, and it cooks in a short period of time. You’ll get seeded varieties if you buy this one. The process of cultivating this plant is relatively easy.

However, the fruits of the Havana variety are perishable and have a sweeter and more pleasurable taste. They have a two-day shelf life after being picked. Being one of the best breadfruit varieties, you can easily cook them, as they do not take much time.

2. Maohi

The Maohi breadfruit variety is the most popular in Tahiti and can be found all over the island. The variety’s higher yield means that the fruits are smaller in size, but there are more of them. The flavor is outstanding, and the texture is smooth. A lot of work goes into cultivating this fruit.

3. Paea

This variety has large, seeded fruits that reach a height of 11 inches – about 28 centimeters. On an even flame, the pulp should take about an hour to cook to a bright yellow color. Paea breadfruits flake easily and taste fantastic when cooked.

4. Pucro

Pucro, a popular breadfruit variety, is widely considered to be one of the best in the world. An orange-yellow, rough fleshed fruit is the result of this plant’s pollination. Cooking it is a breeze, and the flavor is fantastic. You can choose a breadfruit tree based on its size, texture, flavor, and other characteristics if you have access to a variety of breadfruit trees.

Breadfruit Tree Varieties – Do Different Breadfruit Trees Exist?

A variety of garden-friendly breadfruit trees are available. In fact, everyone agrees that breadfruit trees have saved entire populations from starvation in the past. This is particularly relevant to tropical islands like Hawaii and Fiji, where grains are scarce. A breadfruit tree can provide for a family of four for up to 50 years. If the tree is properly cared for, it will continue to produce nutrient-dense fruits for the next century.

Breadfruit comes in a variety of forms.

Even though breadfruit is so widely used, there are surprisingly many wild breadfruit species. In addition, there are a number of cultivars that have been developed to increase the tree’s ability to withstand poor growing conditions and disease. When you want to grow breadfruit in your garden, you have to make a choice: which variety is the best for you?

We have done the legwork and compiled a ranking of the best breadfruit cultivars for your convenience. Read this article and find out which variety is best for your garden.

1. Fosberg

Fosberg (Artocarpus altilis) has a resemblance to bread in its aroma. The fruit’s aroma is reminiscent of freshly baked bread when roasted or baked. This tells you how many carbohydrates and fiber each breadfruit has. People with gluten intolerance can use the starchy fruit in place of wheat bread and other gluten-containing products.

At first, Fosberg spread to the Pacific Ocean by colonizing one island at a time. A staple food of the invaded islanders was planted wherever good soil could be found by the invading islanders. There were more cultivars and different names for the tree on each island because of this.

If you have ever wondered what the breadfruit is or what it’s called in English, you’ve come to the right place. As a result of the wide variety of cultivars, all trees appear to have the same general traits. It arrived in the Caribbean for the first time in the early 1700s to destinations such as South America, Sri Lanka, and Madagascar, the ship then sailed onwards. Breadfruit trees can now be found in more than 90 countries around the world.

If you want an easy-to-grow, nutritious fruit, the Fosberg is a great option. You can begin eating the fruits when they are the size of a tennis ball or smaller. The seeds of the mature fruit are also nutritious and can be eaten.

When fully grown, the tree will soar to a height of 60 meters. With its year-round emerald-green foliage, it’s an excellent evergreen choice. The leaves are about 20 inches long and wide, and the canopy is dense enough to provide summer shade.

The Fosberg tree can produce round, oval, or oblong fruits, depending on the variety of fruit it produces. When ripe, the fruit can weigh as much as 13 pounds. There are times when the skin is prickly, but most of the time, it is smooth. When a fruit is ripe, its skin turns yellow or greenish-yellow. It has strong flavors and a plethora of seeds strewn about the fruit’s center. Colors include yellow and cream-colored white. On average, the fruits take between 15 and 20 weeks to reach maturity and ripeness.

2. Blanco

A native of the tropical regions of New Guinea and the Philippines, Blanco (Artocarpus camansi) has since spread to other parts of the world. In the wild, birds and bats flock to the breadfruit tree Blanco, which makes it a great choice for a garden tree. Aside from its ornamental value due to its large, seed-filled fruits, this plant has a variety of uses.

Blanco cultivars derived from this tree are required if you prefer to grow it for its fruit. In exchange for fleshier, seedless fruits, they don’t compromise the tree’s best features. Like other breadfruit varieties, blanco is known by a variety of different names around the world. Chataigne is the Caribbean name for this nut, which is also known as breadnut in English. Sri Lankans know this plant as kos del, Puerto Ricans know it as pana de pepitas, and in New Guinea, it is called kapiak. These are just some of the other names for this confection. Many countries in South America, West Africa, and Southeast Asia currently have this breadfruit in abundance.

A mature Blanco tree, like a Fosberg, can grow to 60 feet in height if given the right conditions. During ripeness, the fruit’s color fades to a dull, green hue. The round or oval fruits are dotted with the tiny seeds that make up the flesh. The seeds of the Blanco are more nutritious and delicious than the fruit itself. Because it contains seeds that resemble nuts and taste like them, this bread is referred to as “nut bread.”

As with other breadfruit varieties, the Blanco fruit can be eaten at any stage of development. The undeveloped seeds of the young fruit are ideal for soups and stews. When the fruit is fully ripe, the large nut-like seeds can be roasted and eaten as a snack.

3. Chebiei

Artocarpus mariannensis, commonly known as Chebiei, with its glossy leaves and bizarre fruits, is difficult to ignore. The South Pacific is home to the tree and many of its hybrids, which were first discovered there. One or two large seeds in this breadfruit prevented it from spreading around the world like other breadfruit varieties have done. Seeds and small pieces of flesh make up the bulk of the fruit, serving as padding.

In spite of the fact that the Chebiei thrives in limestone, new cultivars have been developed that allow the tree to thrive in sandy soil and on atolls. Furthermore, small islands can benefit from these hybrids because they can tolerate salty soil.

We recommend looking into seedless cultivars rather than seeded cultivars if you want to grow this variety for its fruit. Nevertheless, this is a tree that needs a lot of space in your yard or garden. With a diameter of more than six feet in diameter, the trunk of this tree can reach 60 feet in height. It’s awe-inspiring.

These trees can be planted along the coast because of their ability to withstand saltwater. Foliage is divided and lobed, and medium-sized fruits of one pound each ripen after one year of age. Even when fully ripe, this fruit has rough skin and dark green coloration.

However, even though the breadfruit’s flesh is sweet, you won’t get very far with it due to its seeds. Even though the fruit lacks any nutritional value, its unique lumpy shape makes it an attractive decoration. There is a creamy yellow interior to the fruit that resembles the leaves. When fully grown, the small fruit can grow to a height of 2 feet. Meinpadahk and other seedless varieties produce more fruit per acre than seeded varieties.

4. Lasawa

There are many farmers in Natewa Village in Fiji who grow this variety. Lasawa cultivar seeds and saplings are hard to come by, but they are worth the effort. Seedless fruits are found in the cultivar’s berries. The breadfruit’s white, aromatic flesh has a thin core in the middle.

The fruit, which can be oval or round, weighs an average of 4 pounds. The color remains the same throughout the entire process – light green. The dense flesh of the fruit compensates for its small size. You’ll never run out of fruit with this tree because of its well-known high yield.

The leaves’ glossy green surfaces and densely lobbed structure make them a visual treat. About 25 inches long and 13 inches wide are the maximum dimensions of a mature leaf. The base of the leaf is shaped like a V, with seven lobes on each leaf. Light green veins contrast with the leaf’s deep green, resulting in an attractive contrast.

5. Liva

Another Fijian is known as Liva. Compared to other breadfruit varieties, the ripe fruit’s flesh is less dense in texture. The bottom of the fruit also contains a large seed. Despite its flaws, Fiji’s Liva fruit flesh is aromatic and sweeter than other cultivars. Manganese, iron, and protein are all present in the nutrient-dense variety.

On average, the ripe Liva fruit weighs 1.5 pounds and is oval in shape. The skin and the flesh inside are both pale yellow in color. The Liva fruit can be harvested throughout the year, and the tree can continue to produce fruits for up to 50 years if the growing conditions are favorable.

On the other hand, the liva cultivar is a beautiful specimen. With its large canopy, this tree provides shade, but its glossy green leaves shimmer in the sunlight. There are eight lobes on both sides of each leaf, which measures about 20 inches long. During its widest point, the leaf spans 12 inches. The dark green leaf has light yellow veins that run through it. Both sides of the leaves, which are thick and meaty, are flexible and have a smooth surface.

6. Uto Vola

Uto Vola is a cultivar that stands out because of its large fruit and beautiful leaves. Around 6 pounds, the ripe fruit is either round or oval. Even when the fruit is ripe, the skin remains a light green color. At maturity, the flesh turns yellow-white in color. The flesh is moderately dense, with large veins running through it at regular intervals.

The season of Uto Vola begins in April and lasts until September. Until April of the following year, the tree will not produce fruit.

When it comes to the tree’s foliage, things are quite different. The leaves of this cultivar are impressive in their size, breadth, and glaze. There is a 27-inch-long, 27-inch-wide mature leaf, and it can grow to that length. It can measure up to one foot wide at its broadest point.

Final Word

Breadfruit is famous for its various luscious cultivars, each different from the other, both in color and taste.

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