Are Prunes and Plums the Same Thing? If Not, What’s the Difference?

These are pieces of prunes with plums on a wood table.

The majority of people assume that plums and prunes are the same things, the only difference being that one is dry and the other is juicy. They are related, but not in the way you may assume. Prunes are simply dried plums, as it turns out. Not all plums, however, are prunes.

The plant that the prune fruit comes from isn’t related to plums. Yes, prunes are dried plums; however, plums are not prunes.

If you’ve ever eaten or seen prunes or plums, you’re already aware of the differences in taste and look between the two. They have a sweet taste, similar to grapes and raisins. A plum’s transformation into a prune is comparable to that of a grape into a raisin, but there are a few variances.

Plums

Plums are members of the Prunus genus, which includes peaches, apricots, cherries, and almonds. It’s a drupe, a fruit with a hard stone pit around the seeds that is difficult to separate from the flesh. It tastes sweet and acidic at the same time, and it’s quite juicy. It can be consumed fresh, turned into juice, jam, or wine, or used as a cooking ingredient.

Plums are high in vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B2, and potassium, among other nutrients. They’re high in dietary fiber, carbs, salt, minerals, and amino acids, among other things.

Plums come in a wide range of shapes and colors, with over 2,000 types to choose from. Some plums are oval in shape, while others are heart-shaped, but round plums are the most prevalent. When ripe, most plums are red, although certain types are purple, blue-black, red, green, amber, and yellow.

Prunes

Prunes are plums that have been dried. However, the prune fruit comes from a different plant than plums. Despite being in the same genus (Prunus) as plums, prunes have pits that are easier to remove from the flesh than any other type of plums. When ripe, they are oval in shape and blue or purple in color.

They’re used in the kitchen. Prunes are generally dried or turned into prune juice, although most plums are eaten fresh. The laxative properties of dried prunes and prune juice are well recognized.

Prune juice is made by boiling prunes, which creates dihydrophenylisatin, a natural laxative that aids muscle contractions. Because prune juice and dried prunes are high in dietary fiber, they aid to regulate the digestive tract. Prunes are commonly consumed by the elderly as a constipation remedy.

To make prunes more appealing to the younger market, manufacturers have changed the product name of “prunes” into “dried plums.”

Differences between Prunes and Plums

Prunes have pits that are easy to remove from the flesh, unlike the other types of plums. By being connected to this genus, prunes are a type (or a variant) of plums. It even means that plums and prunes are linked to other genus fruits like cherries, almonds and peaches as they originate from the same family.

Appearance

A variety of plums have red skins when they are ripe, although not a bright red. They are usually a deeper crimson similar to blood or that deep red lipstick you wear all the time. On the other hand, prunes have either blue or purple skins.

When it comes to their shape, several types of plums can be either heart-shaped or spherical, whereas prunes are oval-shaped. Prunes seem like oversized raisins with a large seed in them. When they are done becoming plums, prunes are usually dried out or turned into prune juice. As for plums, the other types are generally consumed while they are fresh.

See More: Plum Varieties | When is the Season for Planting and Harvesting Plums? | How Long Do Plums Grow? | Guide to Grilling Plums | Best Alternatives to Plum | Best Plums to Make Jam

Taste

Plums are sweet and juicy with a pleasantly acidic aftertaste, while prunes are sticky, chewy, and concentrated.

Nutritional Content

Prunes and plums are both high in nutrients. On the other hand, Prunes have more macronutrients, fiber, minerals, and calories than plums.

Cost

Plums and prunes will vary in price, but keep in mind that dried fruit will last far longer than fresh plums.

Prunes can be stored in an airtight container or sealed bag for up to six months, and they can be kept in a cool, dry pantry, cabinet, or refrigerator.

To Sum It Up

Plums are fleshy and generally red or purple in hue, with a white powder coating. Prunes, on the other hand, have a deeper hue and a wrinkled appearance. Prunes are dried plums, which are oval, meaty, and luscious fruits.

Prunes are sticky, chewy, and have a concentrated sweetness, whereas plums are sweet and juicy with a pleasingly acidic aftertaste. This is the fundamental distinction between prunes and plums. Prunes are one of those foods that you should probably eat more of. Fruit juice is refreshing, but you’re better off eating fresh fruit in most circumstances.

While there are many fruit juices you should avoid due to the high amount of added sugars and lack of fiber. Prune juice is an exception.

 

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