4 Apple-Rose Varieties (Varieties That You Should Know)

Rose apple on a bamboo basket.

The rose-apple tree belongs to the Myrtaceae family of exotic fruit trees. Syzygium Jambos is its botanical name, which is also given to its fruit. Some of its other names include wax apple, Malay apple, cloud apple, pera de agua, water apple, or plum rose.

The edible fruit is a yellow berry with a diameter of 2 to 4 centimeters. Its inside texture has been stretched to the point where it resembles a hollow fruit with a solitary seed that rings like a bell. Its pulp, on the other hand, has the consistency of a crunchy apple and the scent of a rose, hence the several names given to it. The Rose-apple can be eaten raw or used in the production of fragrant liqueurs.

It is grown in its native region and has been imported as a fruit tree or ornamental plant to many tropical places across the world. The Rose-apple was first cultivated for its fruits in the countryside of La Réunion, but it was later employed to adorn parks and reforest cleared areas or ravine borders. Hundreds of hectares were quickly occupied by the naturalized species. In New Caledonia, where the plant was extremely invasive, the same thing happened.

Let’s have a look at some of the rose-apple varieties now that you know what they are:

Watery Rose Apple (Syzygium Aqueum)

Water apple rose, close up shot.

This brush cherry tree is also known as bell fruit, water apple, or watery rose apple. The tree is grown for its wood as well as its edible fruit. The fruit is a bell-shaped, fleshy yellow or red berry that is waxy and crunchy.

Malaysia, New Guinea, and Queensland are home to this species. The tree can live in tropical areas up to 1600 meters above sea level and requires a lot of rain. Tambis is the local name for it in the Philippines, and it’s commonly confused with Macopa.

The wood is tough and can be fashioned into tools. The tree’s bark is occasionally utilized in herbal medicine. It is used as an attractive plant in orchards, gardens, and parks. The leaves are edible and have been used to wrap food in the past.

The fruit has a mild, somewhat sweet taste comparable to apples, as well as a crisp, watery texture akin to that of a watermelon’s insides. It’s a popular fruit at Southeast Asian fruit booths because it’s cheap when it’s in season. It does not bruise readily and can be stored in the refrigerator for months.

Rose Apple (Syzygium jambos)

Syzygium jambos, also known as "Rose Apples."

Syzygium Jambos, sometimes known as “rose apples,” is a rose apple species that originated in Southeast Asia and now grows widely around the world, having been imported as an ornamental and fruit tree.

Typical Names

Syzygium Jambos is known by a variety of names, reflecting the wide range of places where it grows as a garden or fruit tree or as an invader. Water apple, pera de agua, plum rose, Cloud apple, Wax apple, Malay apple, jambrosade, PauTêe, pomarrosa, or the English counterpart “rose apple” are some of the names. Several of these names are also used for other Syzygium species.

Description

Syzygium Jambos is a big shrub or small-to-medium-sized tree that grows three to fifteen meters tall and has a low branching habit. It has glabrous leaves and twigs, and its bark, albeit dark brown, is smooth and lacks relief or texture. The leaves are 10 cm to 20 cm long, pointy, base cuneate with hardly any petiole, and vibrant red when young, but dark, glossy green when fully grown. The flowers are little terminal clusters of white or greenish-white flowers with a diameter of 5–8 cm due to the long, many stamens. The tree blooms throughout the summer in temperate climates.

The edible fruit of Syzygium Jambos looks like some type of guava; in fact, it looks so much like guava that persons who are unfamiliar with it might mistake it for one at first glance. Instead of dozens of little, hard seeds set in a jelly-like tissue, as guava does, Syzygium Jambos fruit usually contains one or two enormous, unarmoured seeds approximately a centimeter in diameter, lying loose in a slightly fluffy hollow when ripe. Shaking a fruit to see if the seeds rattle can help determine whether it is ripe. The skin is waxy and thin. Some people say the blossoms smell fragrant, although this appears to be a subjective feature. The ripe fruit, on the other hand, has a strong, pleasant floral smell, which is why it’s known as “Rose apple”[6] and “pomarrosa.”

Varieties

There are several species of this kind found all throughout the world, including unattractive wild trees. The most popular farmed cultivar in Thailand produces pale green fruit. The skins of Malaysian cultivars are usually red. The fruit has a pale golden color in many areas, with a faint blush. The skin is thin and waxy, and there is a small quantity of fluff in the empty core. The flesh is watery and crisp, and the flavor is distinctive.

Distribution

It has also been widely introduced on every continent except Antarctica, where it has established itself and grown invasive in certain areas. Various ecosystems, including those on several Hawaiian islands, Réunion, the Galápagos Islands, warmer regions of the Americas, and sections of Australia, have been threatened. However, the invasive rust Puccinia psidii has nearly wiped it out in Hawaii.

Uses

The fruit, which is high in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or utilized in a variety of regional dishes. Rose apple fruit is typically served with flavored sugar in Southeast Asian countries. Because the wood is dense, it is used as a charcoal source. The tree has a variety of tannins that have antibacterial properties. Some of the tree’s parts are utilized in traditional medicine in the region.

Malay Rose Apple (Syzygium Malaccense)

Syzygium Malaccense is a blooming tree that can be found in Malesia and Australia.

It is one of the plants cultivated by Austronesian peoples since prehistoric times. They were purposefully transported and introduced to Remote Oceania as canoe plants. It has spread throughout the tropics in recent years, including numerous Caribbean countries and territories.

Typical Names

There are several common English names for Syzygium malaccense. Malay rose apple, mountain apple, rose apple, Otaheite apple, pink satin-ash, and pommerac are all names for it. It is not related to cashew, despite the fact that it is commonly called otaheite cashew. While cashew nuts (but not cashew fruits) have been known to cause allergic responses, rose apple fruit has not. Manzana de Agua is the Costa Rican name for it. It is mostly found in the wet zones of the country’s Atlantic Coast. Poma Rosa is also found in Colombia, Puerto Rico, and other Latin American countries.

Description

The genus Syzygium has been praised for having the most attractive combination of trees, flowers, and fruit.

[9] Although some types have white or pink skins, the fruit is rectangular in shape and dark red in color. The flesh is white and has a big seed in the center. It has a dull but pleasant flavor. The flesh is stewed with brown sugar and ginger to make jam.

Cultivation

Because the Malay apple is a tropical tree, it will be harmed by freezing weather.

It thrives in humid regions with 152 cm (60 in) or more of yearly rainfall. It may grow at heights ranging from sea level to 2,740 meters (8,990 ft). The tree can reach a height of 12–18 m (39–59 ft). It blooms in the early summer and bears fruit three months later. It blooms sooner in Costa Rica, having ripe fruit in April. Coffee farmers employ the species as a bird deterrent as well as a source of shade.

Mountain apple or ‘hi’a ‘ai, is the Hawaiian name for Syzygium malaccense. Polynesians brought flora and creatures that were important to them to the Hawaiian Islands when they arrived. One of these “canoe plants” was the mountain apple, which arrived 1000–1700 years ago.

Nutrition

Mountain apples are edible fruit that can be eaten when they are mature and raw. The Malay apple is used to manufacture wines in Puerto Rico, and the fruits are eaten in Hawai’i in the same way as a Pacific Northwest apple is. The tree’s blooms are eaten in salads in Indonesia, while the skin of the mountain apple is cooked down to form a syrup in Guyana.

The white fleshy fruit of a mountain apple has a feel comparable to that of a pear, but it is less sweet than an apple. More nutritional information derived from Malay apples found in Hawai’i, El Salvador, and Ghana can be found in the chart below. The Mountain Apple has fewer calories than a Gala or Fuji apple and contains a reasonable amount of vitamins and minerals due to its high water content.

Java Rose Apple (Syzygium Samarangense)

Syzygium Samarangense is a flowering plant in the Myrtaceae family that is native to the Greater Sunda Islands, the Malay Peninsula, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands but was brought to a broader area in prehistoric times and is now widely grown across the tropics. In English, wax apple, Java apple, Semarang rose-apple, and wax jambu are common names.

Description

Syzygium Samarangense is a tropical tree with evergreen leaves measuring 10–25 centimeters (4–10 in) long and 5–10 centimeters (2–4 in) wide that grows to a height of 12 meters (39 ft). The leaves are elliptic in shape but rounded at the base, and when crushed, they release a pleasant scent. The trunk is short, and the tree has a large – but open – crown that begins low on the tree. The bark is a pinkish-gray tint and easily peels.

Flowers are white to yellowish-white in color, 2.5 cm (1 in) in diameter, and have four petals and many stamens. They appear in panicles of three to thirty near branch tips. The outcome is a bell-shaped, edible berry that ranges in color from white to pale green to green to red, purple, or crimson to deep purple.

In wild plants, the fruit is 4–6 centimeters (1.6–2.4 in) long and has four fleshy calyx lobes at the apex.

The flesh is white and spongy, and the skin is thin. Each fruit has 1–2 spherical seeds with a diameter of less than.8 millimeters (0.3 in). The blooms and fruit that follow are not restricted to the leaf axils but can develop on practically any part of the trunk and branches. The tree is a heavy bearer when fully mature, with a crop of up to 700 fruits.

When the fruit is fully mature, it puffs outwards, with a tiny concavity in the middle of the “bell’s” bottom. Wax apples with a faint sheen are healthy. A ripe wax apple, despite its name, is only similar to an apple in color on the outside. It doesn’t have the aroma or density of an apple, and it doesn’t taste like one.

It tastes like a snow pear, and the wax apple’s liquid-to-flesh ratio is similar to that of a watermelon. The wax apple’s flesh is very loosely woven, unlike that of an apple or a watermelon. A seed is encased in a cotton candy-like netting in the very center. This mesh is edible. However, it has no flavor. The color of the juice varies according to the cultivar; it might range from purple to colorless.

Food

A selection of cultivars with larger fruit has been made. The lighter or deeper the color, the sweeter it is in general. [more clarification is required] The black ones are known as “Black Pearl” or “Black Diamond” in Southeast Asia, while the very pale greenish-white ones, known as “Pearl,” are among the most expensive in fruit markets. To preserve the unique bell-shaped presentation, the fruit is often served uncut but with the core removed.

The fruit is widely used in salads and lightly sautéed dishes in the cuisine of the Indian Ocean islands. It is primarily consumed as a fruit, but it is also used to produce pickles. Macopa is its local name in the Philippines (its ancient name before colonialism was ‘dambo’). It is frequently confused with tambis (Syzygium aqueum) due to their similar look, despite the fact that the latter is more regularly cultivated.

Conclusion

To put it another way, Rose apples aren’t apples. They are a different type of fruit that grows in the tropics. The fruit’s description changes depending on the variety or cultivar. The amount of flavor in the fruit is determined by how much that variety was bred for taste. We hope this tutorial gives you a thorough understanding of the numerous kinds of fruit.

Similar Posts